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Conditioned medium prepared from mouse melanoma B16 cells (B16-CM) increases the macromolecular permeability of bovine aortic, venous and human umbilical vein endothelial monolayer. Collagen, which is synthesised by endothelial cells, has an important function in regulating the permeability of endothelial monolayer. Briefly, low collagen content leads to(More)
beta-Lactams have been considered ineffective against organisms growing inside mammalian cells because of their poor penetration into cells. However, cefixime has been shown to be clinically effective against typhoid fever. The probable mechanism of therapeutic effectiveness of cefixime against typhoid fever was investigated using Salmonella enterica(More)
The immediate effects of phrenic afferent nerve activation on ventilation have been shown to be both excitatory and inhibitory. Long-lasting inhibitory effects on respiratory motoneuron output have been reported after stimulation of afferent nerves from limb muscles. However, whether respiratory muscle afferent nerves can produce this effect is unknown. We(More)
The therapeutic activities of orally administered FK482 were compared with those of reference antibiotics against systemic and local infections with a variety of bacteria in mice and rabbits. In systemic infections in mice, oral FK482 was almost as effective as oral cefaclor (CCL) and more effective than oral cephalexin (CEX) against Staphylococcus aureus,(More)
The tissue distribution of anti-tumour vascular endothelium monoclonal antibody (TES-23) produced by immunizing with plasma membrane vesicles from isolated rat tumour-derived endothelial cells (TECs) was assessed in various tumour-bearing animals. Radiolabelled TES-23 dramatically accumulated in KMT-17 fibrosarcoma, the source of isolated TECs after(More)
Canine trachealis muscle will shorten by 70% of resting length when maximally stimulated in vitro. In contrast, trachealis muscle will shorten by only 30-40% when stimulated in vivo. To examine the possibility that an elastic load applied by the tracheal cartilage contributes to the in vivo limitation of shortening, single pairs of sonomicrometry crystals(More)
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