Learn More
Growth and productivity of phytoplankton substantially change organic matter characteristics, which affect bacterial abundance, productivity, and community structure in aquatic ecosystems. We analyzed bacterial community structures and measured activities inside and outside phytoplankton blooms in the western North Pacific Ocean by using bromodeoxyuridine(More)
The plant-derived Pediococcus pentosaceus NB-17 was isolated from Japanese traditional vegetable pickles. The production of cytokines from mouse spleen cells co-cultivated with heat-killed bacteria was investigated in vitro. The bacteria significantly induced secretion levels of interferon (IFN)-gamma and interleukin (IL)-12 p70, and suppressed IL-4(More)
Roseobacter/Rhodobacter and SAR11, affiliated with Alphaproteobacteria, and the phylum Bacteroidetes constitute a large proportion of marine planktonic bacteria, but information about their growth and distribution patterns in the Southern Ocean is scarce. The aim of the present study is to determine patterns in the biomass and productivity of(More)
Dissolved organic matter derived from phytoplankton (DOMP) can affect the bacterial biomass and community structure in aquatic ecosystems. Here, we examined the community response of free-living heterotrophic bacteria, with respect to cellular nucleic acid levels, to the DOMP lysates derived from three phytoplankton strains in the open tropical Pacific. The(More)
Magnetic deposition, quantitation, and identification of bacteria reacting with the paramagnetic trivalent lanthanide ion, Er, was evaluated. The magnetic deposition method was dubbed thin-film magnetopheresis. The optimization of the magnetic deposition protocol was accomplished with Escherichia coli as a model organism in 150 mM NaCl and 5 mM ErCl(3)(More)
Among the fundamental questions in marine microbial ecology are which taxa or phylogenetic groups account for total bacterial productivity and what is the relative contribution of each. We combined bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) immunocytochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (BIC-FISH) to examine phylotype-specific contributions to total bacterial(More)
It has been generally accepted that the Ca content of washed erythrocytes is in the range of 1 - 3 X 10(-5) mole/l cells (1-10). These values were obtained after samples were treated in various way for Ca measurement. However, by using a simplified careful preparation technique to avoid Ca contamination together with inductively coupled argon plasma(More)
Using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) magnetic beads immunocapture and a PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) technique (BUMP-DGGE), we determined seasonal variations in the community structures of actively growing bacteria in the neritic waters of Hiroshima Bay, western Japan. The community structures of actively growing bacteria were separated into(More)
Silver (Ag) nanoparticles were produced using DNA extracted from salmon milt as templates. Particles spherical in shape with an average diameter smaller than 10 nm were obtained. The nanoparticles consisted of Ag as the core with an outermost thin layer of DNA. The DNA/Ag hybrid nanoparticles were immobilized over the surface of cotton based fabrics and(More)
In aquatic environments, community dynamics of bacteria, especially actively growing bacteria (AGB), are tightly linked with dissolved organic matter (DOM) quantity and quality. We analyzed the community dynamics of DNA-synthesizing and accordingly AGB by linking an improved bromodeoxyuridine immunocytochemistry approach with fluorescence-activated cell(More)