Matrine, an active constituent of the Chinese herb, Sophora flavescens Ait., and it is known for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. It has been demonstrated that matrine exerts protective effects against heart failure by decreasing the expression of caspase-3 and Bax, and increasing Bcl‑2 levels. In this study, we aimed to… (More)
Sheep (Ovis aries) are a major source of meat, milk, and fiber in the form of wool and represent a distinct class of animals that have a specialized digestive organ, the rumen, that carries out the initial digestion of plant material. We have developed and analyzed a high-quality reference sheep genome and transcriptomes from 40 different tissues. We… (More)
AIMS OF THE STUDY To investigate the neuroprotective effect of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) on focal cerebral ischemic injury in mice and to explore its possible mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male ICR mice were used to make the model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) after intragastric administration with LBP (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg) and… (More)
Recently, many studies utilizing next generation sequencing have investigated plant evolution and domestication in annual crops. Peach, Prunus persica, is a typical perennial fruit crop that has ornamental and edible varieties. Unlike other fruit crops, cultivated peach includes a large number of phenotypes but few polymorphisms. In this study, we explore… (More)
We establish conditions for the extinction of solutions, in finite time, of the fast diffusion problem ut = ∆u m + λu p , 0 < m < 1, in a bounded domain of R N with N > 2. More precisely, we show that if p > m, the solution with small initial data vanishes in finite time, and if p < m, the maximal solution is positive for all t > 0. If p = m, then first… (More)
The Willmore energy of a surface immersed into R n is the integral of its squared mean curvature. It is known that the infimum β n p of the Willmore energy among all closed oriented surfaces of genus p in R n is attained by a smooth embedded surface, and that 4π < β n p < 8π for p ≥ 1. We show that β n p converges to 8π as p goes to infinity.
ARIA acetylcholine receptor-inducing activity protein, is a member of a family of ligands that includes the Neu differentiation factor, heregulin, and glial growth factor. These ligands all act through one or more receptor tyrosine kinases of approximately 185 kDa. In some conditions these ligands promote proliferation, whereas in others they induce… (More)
Mudskippers are amphibious fishes that have developed morphological and physiological adaptations to match their unique lifestyles. Here we perform whole-genome sequencing of four representative mudskippers to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying these adaptations. We discover an expansion of innate immune system genes in the mudskippers that may… (More)