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BACKGROUND Trauma and hypovolemic shock are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and septic complications. We hypothesize that hypovolemic shock and resuscitation results in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) mitochondrial dysfunction that is linked to immunosuppression. METHODS With the use of a decompensated shock model, Long-Evans rats were(More)
OBJECTIVE Hemorrhagic shock may contribute to acute kidney injury (AKI) by profoundly altering renal mitochondrial function. Resveratrol (RSV), a naturally occurring sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activator, has been shown to promote mitochondrial function and reduce oxidative damage in a variety of aging-related disease states. We hypothesized that RSV treatment during(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhagic shock (HS) may contribute to organ failure, by profoundly altering mitochondrial function. Resveratrol (RSV), a naturally occurring polyphenol, has been shown to promote mitochondrial function and regulate glucose homeostasis in diabetes. We hypothesized that RSV during resuscitation would ameliorate HS-induced mitochondrial(More)
Rapamycin extends lifespan in mice, but can have a number of undesirable effects that may ultimately limit its utility in humans. The canonical target of rapamycin, and the one thought to account for its effects on lifespan, is the mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin, complex 1 (mTORC1). We have previously shown that at least some of the detrimental(More)
INTRODUCTION Although mitochondrial dysfunction is thought to contribute to the development of posttraumatic organ failure, current techniques to assess mitochondrial function in tissues are invasive and clinically impractical. We hypothesized that mitochondrial function in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) would reflect cellular respiration in(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhagic shock is a leading cause of death following severe trauma, and platelet transfusions are frequently necessary to achieve hemostasis. Platelets, however, require special storage conditions, and storage time has been associated with loss of platelet quality. We hypothesized that standard storage conditions have a deleterious effect on(More)
BACKGROUND Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is critical for maintaining vasomotor tone and low levels have been associated with the development of irreversible shock. We investigated the clinical relationship between AVP, copeptin (the C-terminal fragment of the AVP precursor), and the development of relative AVP deficiency following hemorrhagic shock. METHODS(More)
A method was established to determine the activity of hexokinase by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The activity of hexokinase was determined by detecting the amount of ADP in the reaction that converts glucose into glucose-6-phosphate. The separation degree of ATP and ADP was as good as 3.46 (separation degree>1.5). In the(More)
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