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Direct sequencing of exons 3 to 35 and the exon-intron boundaries of the CACNA1H gene was conducted in 118 childhood absence epilepsy patients of Han ethnicity recruited from North China. Sixty-eight variations have been detected in the CACNA1H gene, and, among the variations identified, 12 were missense mutations and only found in 14 of the 118 patients in(More)
Ionotropic alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors (iGluRs) mediate the majority of excitatory synaptic transmission in the CNS and are essential for the induction and maintenance of long-term potentiation and long-term depression, two cellular models of learning and memory. We identified a genomic deletion (0.4 Mb)(More)
Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) is a common form of idiopathic generalized epilepsy with polygenic inheritance. In our previous studies, relatively high frequent variants in the T-type calcium channel gene, CACNA1H, were identified in the Chinese Han population, most of which are located in exons 6-12. The goal of this study was to identify additional(More)
Subtelomeric imbalance is widely accepted as related to developmental delay/mental retardation (DD/MR). Fine mapping of aberrations in gene-enriched subtelomeric regions provides essential clues for localizing critical regions, and provides a strategy for identifying new candidate genes. To date, no large-scale study has been conducted on subtelomeric(More)
Intellectual disability (ID) is a heterogeneous disorder caused by chromosomal abnormalities, monogenic factors and environmental factors. 22q13 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by severe ID. Although the frequency of 22q13 deletions in ID is unclear, it is believed to be largely underestimated. To address this issue, we used Affymetrix(More)
Astrocyte activation is a hallmark of central nervous system injuries resulting in glial scar formation (astrogliosis). The activation of astrocytes involves metabolic and morphological changes with complex underlying mechanisms, which should be defined to provide targets for astrogliosis intervention. Astrogliosis is usually accompanied by an upregulation(More)
While pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) in 15q11.2 were recently identified in Caucasian patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs), the epilepsy-associated gene(s) in this region is/are still unknown. Our study investigated whether the CNVs in 15q11.2 are associated with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) in Chinese patients and whether(More)
As an extreme form of abnormally synchronized activity, epilepsy may modify patterns of organization in the nervous system. It is clear that enhanced glutamatergic excitatory synaptic transmission with alterations in the expression of ionotropic glutamate receptors is a mechanism critical for seizure susceptibility and excitotoxicity. However, the exact(More)
To evaluate the long-term effects of single or recurrent prolonged neonatal seizures on seizure threshold and neuronal activity in the brain, a novel "twist" seizure was induced by coupling early-life flurothyl-induced seizures with later exposure to pentylenetetrazol. The authors assigned six neonatal rats for each group: the single-seizure group (SS), the(More)