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OBJECTIVE Maternal infection or inflammation may induce fetal inflammatory responses associated with fetal injury and cerebral palsy. We sought to assess the inflammation-associated neuroprotective potential of prophylactic N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). We examined the effect of NAC on prevention of maternal lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neonatal brain injury(More)
OBJECTIVE Maternal infection is associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. We sought to determine whether N-acetyl-cysteine can decrease maternal oxidative stress and the inflammatory response in preterm gestation. STUDY DESIGN Pregnant rats 16 days, were treated with (1) lipopolysaccharide, (2) N-acetyl-cysteine 120 minutes after(More)
PURPOSE Accurate and efficient guidance of needles to procedural targets is critically important during percutaneous interventional procedures. Ultrasound imaging is widely used for real-time image guidance in a variety of clinical contexts, but with this modality, uncertainties about the location of the needle tip within the image plane lead to significant(More)
Maternal infection is associated with oxidative stress (OS) and inflammatory responses. We have previously shown that maternal exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at E18 alters the subsequent offspring immune response. As immune responses are mediated, in part, by OS, we sought to determine if maternal inflammation during pregnancy programs offspring OS(More)
PURPOSE To establish normal values for the lower uterine segment (LUS) thickness and to recognize factors that may affect these values. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, we measured the LUS thickness in women between 11 and 41 weeks gestation. Women with placental abnormalities and fetal anomalies were excluded. Fetal weight, location of placental(More)
OBJECTIVE Inflammatory cytokines, play a central role in the genesis of preterm parturition and fetal brain injury. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) may activate cytokine pathways via induction of oxidative stress pathways. We hypothesized that enhanced maternal antioxidant activity may blunt fetal brain inflammatory responses to maternal LPS injection in pregnant(More)
PURPOSE Accurate and efficient guidance of medical devices to procedural targets lies at the heart of interventional procedures. Ultrasound imaging is commonly used for device guidance, but determining the location of the device tip can be challenging. Various methods have been proposed to track medical devices during ultrasound-guided procedures, but(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased inflammatory response may be associated with adverse clinical outcomes, especially in the neonatal period. The aims of this study were to determine whether N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC), an anti-inflammatory agent, attenuates the inflammatory response in young rats and to determine the most effective route of administration. METHODS Four(More)
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a common and potentially severe pregnancy complication. Currently there is no treatment available. The guinea pig is an attractive model of human pregnancy as placentation is morphologically very similar between the species. Nutrient restriction of the dam creates growth-restricted fetuses while leaving an intact(More)
OBJECTIVE Maternal chorioamnionitis is associated with newborn neurologic injury. Recent evidence suggests that maternal administration of magnesium sulphate (MG) may protect fetuses from white matter injury. Previously we demonstrated evidence by magnetic resonance imaging that MG may prevent maternal inflammation-induced gray matter injury of offspring.(More)