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We reported that stoichiometric phosphorylation by either cAMP-dependent protein kinase or protein kinase C induces disassembly of vimentin filaments [Inagaki, M., Nishi, Y., Nishizawa, K., Matsuyama, M., & Sato, C. (1987) Nature 328, 649-652; Inagaki, M., Gonda, Y., Matsuyama, M., Nishizawa, K., Nishi, Y., & Sato, C. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 5970-5978].(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), the intermediate filament component of astroglial cells, can serve as an excellent substrate for both cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C, in vitro. GFAP phosphorylated by each protein kinase does not polymerize, and the filaments that do polymerize tend to depolymerize after phosphorylation.(More)
Desmin, the myogenic intermediate filament protein, is a phosphoprotein containing phosphoserine, in vivo. The role of phosphorylation on assembly-disassembly and organization of the desmin filament has remained obscure. We report here on a stable and purified system which enables a biochemical examination of desmin filament assembly and disassembly. Using(More)
Effects of phosphorylation of the neurofilament L protein (NF-L) on the reassembly system were studied by both sedimentation experiments and low-angle rotary shadowing. Bovine spinal cord NF-L was phosphorylated with 3-4 mol/mol protein by either the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase or protein kinase C. Phosphorylated NF-L could not(More)
Protein kinase C phosphorylated the major mammalian neurofilament protein (NF-L) with approximately 3 mol phosphate per mol protein. The phosphorylated NF-L no longer formed the filaments. Sequential analysis of the tryptic phosphopeptides, together with the known primary sequence, revealed that Ser-12, Ser-27, Ser-33 and Ser-51 were phosphorylated by(More)
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