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Transgenic mice homozygously lacking in the bcl-2 gene were generated using homologous recombination in embryonal stem cells. The complete absence of Bcl-2 alpha and -beta proteins did not interfere with normal embryonic development. Abnormalities became evident after birth, although the severity varied among homozygous null mice, bcl-2-/- mice displayed(More)
Human chondrosarcoma cells (HCS-TG) were transduced with the gene for a herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) or Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase (lacZ). We investigated the cytotoxicity of human chondrosarcoma bearing an HSV-tk gene after treatment with ganciclovir. Chondrosarcoma cells bearing an HSV-tk gene were more sensitive than(More)
Interleukin-1 induced a time-dependent release of high levels of nitric oxide from rat vascular smooth muscle cells up to 96 hours. A time-dependent release of lactate dehydrogenase was also induced by Interleukin-1 from 72 to 96 hours after its stimulation. In situ nick end-labeling assay revealed that incubation for 48 hours with interleukin-1 induced a(More)
We report 60 benign bone tumours treated by resection and curettage followed by the implantation of calcium hydroxyapatite ceramic (CHA). After follow-up of six to 60 months (average 36), no patient had local recurrence of the tumour or any adverse effects from the implants. In almost all cases radiography showed that the CHA was well-incorporated into the(More)
Porous blocks of calcium hydroxyapatite ceramic were evaluated as delivery systems for the sustained release of antibiotics. We tested gentamicin sulphate, cefoperazone sodium, and flomoxef sodium in powder form placed in a cylindrical cavity in calcium hydroxyapatite blocks, using in vitro studies of elution and in vivo studies in rats. Gentamicin sulphate(More)
Butadiene polymerization, in both a highly cisand trans-specific manner, was achieved by using a Cp*Nd(BH4)2(thf)2–Bu2Mg system as an initiator. The cis-/transratio can be tuned by the amount of trialkylaluminum-depleted modified methylaluminoxane (dMMAO). The cis-regularity of the polymer was much higher than those obtained by Nd(BH4)3(thf)3. The molecular(More)
Cis-platinum enclosed into porous calcium hydroxyapatite ceramics (CDDP-CHA) has already been reported to be an excellent slow releasing drug preparation in vivo and in vitro study. In this paper, CDDP-CHA tried to apply for experimental bone and soft tissue sarcoma. When CDDP-CHA were implanted into solid tumors (Dunn osteosarcoma cells) transplanted(More)
BACKGROUND Since the first trial for chemotherapy in children with osteosarcoma in 1977, the survival rate has gradually improved. Currently, more than 60% of all patients are cured, mainly because of the introduction of intensive chemotherapy using doxorubicin, high dose methotrexate, and cisplatin. The increased survival rates have promoted efforts to(More)
We have developed a new delivery system for sustained release of an anticancer drug (cis-platinum) by enclosure into blocks of porous calcium hydroxyapatite ceramic. The slow release of this drug from this system was confirmed in in vitro experiments. When this system was implanted into normal back muscle, or the tibia, sustained release of cis-platinum was(More)
Between 1979 and 1990 reconstruction using a ceramic prosthesis with a polycrystal alumina segment and a monocrystal alumina stem was carried out in 65 patients after the resection of malignant or benign aggressive bone tumors. Resection of 18 osteosarcomas, 5 chondrosarcomas, 9 other sarcomas, 10 giant cell tumors, 20 metastatic bone tumors, and 3 other(More)