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OBJECT The segmental-type of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the cervical spine is distinct from other types in its morphological features. Whether the results of expansive open-door laminoplasty for the segmental-type are different from those for other types remains unclear. To clarify this issue, the long-term results after(More)
OBJECT Numerous surgical procedures have been developed for treatment of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) of the cervical spine, and these can be performed via three approaches: anterior, posterior, or combined anterior-posterior. The optimal approach in cases involving OPLL-induced cervical myelopathy, however, remains(More)
OBJECT to reduce intraoperative damage to the posterior supporting structures of the lumbar spine during decompressive surgery for lumbar canal stenosis (LCS), lumbar spinous process-splitting laminectomy (LSPSL or split laminectomy) was developed. This prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted to clarify whether the split laminectomy(More)
OBJECT Structural interlaminar graft materials were used for atlantoaxial transarticular screw fixation (TSF), and its impact on the fusion status was investigated. METHODS Forty-two patients (10 men, 32 women, mean age 51 years, mean follow-up period 45 months; 30 with rheumatoid arthritis, and 12 with os odontoideum) underwent TSF and modified Brooks(More)
Functional impairment after spinal cord injury (SCI) is attributed to neuronal cell necrosis death and axonotmesis, with further worsening caused by the accompanying apoptosis of myelin-forming oligodendrocytes (OLGs). However, it is unclear as to how much OLG apoptosis contributes to functional impairment. To address this issue, we used transgenic mice(More)
OBJECT Many prognostic factors associated with surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) have been detailed in the literature. All of these factors, however, are defined preoperatively. If it is possible to clarify factors influencing surgical results that can be modulated after surgery, then the overall results of surgery may improve. The purpose(More)
Advances in the stem cell biology of the central nervous system (CNS) and other studies enhance the possibility of regeneration of the damaged CNS, which has previously been considered to be almost impossible. The availability of signals to induce the appropriate differentiation of the transplanted and/or endoge-nous neural stem cells (NSCs) as well as the(More)
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