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This paper presents the concepts, issues on development, and future perspectives of a novel musculoskeletal humanoid `Kotaro'. The specifications and advantages of Kotaro include muscle-driven endoskeletal structure, multiple degrees of freedom, variable physical softness, the multiple-joint spine, easily configurable muscles, distributed onbody(More)
— We have been promoting a project of musculoskele-tal humanoids. The project aims at the long-term goal of human-symbiotic robots as well as the mid-term goal of necessary design and control concepts for musculoskeletal robots. This paper presents the concepts and aim of the project and also shows the outline of our latest results about development of new(More)
We propose a concept of reinforceable-muscle humanoid with hyper parallel muscle-tendon systems. By the facilitation of changing the assignment of actuators, we can easily strengthen a specific part of robot body, while changing the arrangement of actuators of current humanoid robots is quite difficult. By developing muscle units in each of which a motor(More)
The high power ability of humanoid is desired for application of nursing or running or jumping motions. Achievement of the actuator of light and powerful equivalent to humans is required. In this paper, we propose a method to extract inherent performance from motors by an active temperature control. The method safely improves the output of motors. The(More)
Life-size humanoids which have the same joint arrangement as humans are expected to help in the living environment. In this case, they require high load operations such as gripping and conveyance of heavy load, and holding people at the care spot. However, these operations are difficult for existing humanoids because of their low joint output. Therefore,(More)
We are trying to create an innovative humanoid which has increased flexibility by imitating the structure of a human shoulder, especially the shoulder blade. We designed a flexible shoulder structure for a muscle-driven humanoid robot which has the following merits, 1) wide range of movement and flexible shoulder like humans, 2) having the shoulder(More)
To design a robot with humanlike body structure, this paper presents a design methodology for a humanoid upper limb by tendon driven system. We newly designed an upper limb and rib cage like thorax for a musculoskeletal humanoid robot, based on the knowledge of anatomy. The robot consists of muscle, bone, and joint structure based on human and is expected(More)