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The in vivo characterization of a dual adenosine A(2A)/A(1) receptor antagonist in several animal models of Parkinson's disease is described. Discovery and scale-up syntheses of compound 1 are described in detail, highlighting optimization steps that increased the overall yield of 1 from 10.0% to 30.5%. Compound 1 is a potent A(2A)/A(1) receptor antagonist(More)
HM74A is a G protein-coupled receptor for nicotinic acid (niacin), which has been used clinically to treat dyslipidemia for decades. The molecular mechanisms whereby niacin exerts its pleiotropic effects on lipid metabolism remain largely unknown. In addition, the most common side effect in niacin therapy is skin flushing that is caused by prostaglandin(More)
A series of N-aryl-2-[[[5-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-2- furanyl]methyl]thio]ethylamino analogs of the H2-antagonist, ranitidine, was synthesized and the abilities of the compounds to alleviate the cholinergic deficit characteristic of Alzheimer's disease evaluated. The compounds were initially tested for their ability to inhibit human erythrocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Adenosine A1 receptors (A1ARs) modulate various aspects of renal functions, such as hormone release, hemodynamics and tubular absorption. Here we set up to demonstrate the expression of A1ARs in an immortalized cell line (HK-2) derived from normal adult human proximal tubule. We also examined the mechanism whereby A1ARs signal in HK-2 cells and(More)
Adenosine A2a receptor, a member of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily, has been demonstrated to be an important pharmacological target. It couples to stimulatory G protein and activates adenylate cyclase upon agonist stimulation. Here we attempted to stably transfect Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells, which lack any known subtypes of adenosine(More)
A novel series of arylindenopyrimidines were identified as A(2A) and A(1) receptor antagonists. The series was optimized for in vitro activity by substituting the 8- and 9-positions with methylene amine substituents. The compounds show excellent activity in mouse models of Parkinson's disease when dosed orally.
The histaminergic H2 antagonist, ranitidine, has also been found to significantly inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in vitro. In an effort to develop novel, nonquaternary AChE inhibitors capable of penetrating into the CNS and alleviating the cholinergic deficit characteristic of Alzheimer's disease, a series of bis[[(dimethylamino)methyl]furanyl](More)
Nicotinic acid (niacin) has been used clinically to manage dyslipidemia for many years. The molecular target of nicotinic acid was unknown until the recent revelation of human G-coupled receptor HM74a as the high affinity receptor for nicotinic acid. In searching for a cell line expressing endogenous human HM74a receptor, we have identified that the A431(More)
An increasing amount of evidence supports pleiotropic metabolic roles of the cannibinoid-1 receptor (CB1R) in peripheral tissues such as adipose, liver, skeletal muscle and pancreas. To further understand the metabolic consequences of specific blockade of CB1R function in peripheral tissues, we performed a 10-week-study with an anti-sense oligonucleotide(More)
1-Aryl-3-(hydroxymethyl)-3-alkyltriazenes [ArN = NN(CH3)CH2OH] have been synthesized by diazonium coupling to the carbinolamine (RNHCH2OH), generated in situ from the alkylamine and formaldehyde mixtures. The (hydroxymethyl)triazene structure has been confirmed by IR, NMR, and mass spectral analysis and also by the preparation of a crystalline benzoate(More)