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One of the most popular methods for modeling students' knowledge is Corbett and Anderson's[1] Bayesian Knowledge Tracing (KT) model. The original Knowledge Tracing model does not allow for individualization. Recently, Pardos and Heffernan [4] showed that more information about students' prior knowledge can help build a better fitting model and provide a(More)
STAT6 plays a prominent role in adaptive immunity by transducing signals from extracellular cytokines. We now show that STAT6 is required for innate immune signaling in response to virus infection. Viruses or cytoplasmic nucleic acids trigger STING (also named MITA/ERIS) to recruit STAT6 to the endoplasmic reticulum, leading to STAT6 phosphorylation on(More)
Both Knowledge Tracing and Performance Factors Analysis, are examples of student modeling frameworks commonly used in AIED systems (i.e., Intelligent Tutoring Systems). Both of them use student correctness as a binary input, but student performance on a question might better be represented with a continuous value representing a type of partial credit.(More)
The communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonizing the roots of three mangrove species were characterized along a tidal gradient in a mangrove swamp. A fragment, designated SSU-ITS-LSU, including part of the small subunit (SSU), the entire internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and part of the large subunit (LSU) of rDNA from samples of(More)
Differences in the subcellular distribution and chemical speciation of Cd between two Chinese flowering cabbage (Brassica parachinensis L.) cultivars, Lubao70 (LB70, low-Cd cultivar) and ChixinNO.4 (CX4, high-Cd cultivar) were investigated under various soil Cd and P treatments. Subcellular fractionation of Cd-containing tissues showed that a higher(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to describe the viral etiology and clinical features in patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) in Guangzhou. METHODS The nasopharyngeal and throat swabs were collected from 882 patients presenting with ILI between January and September, 2009. Viral pathogens were cultured and identified by immunofluorescence(More)
INTRODUCTION During the past decades, polymer-drug conjugates are one of the hottest topics in novel drug development fields. Amphiphilic polymer-drug conjugates in aqueous solution could form micelles or micelle-like nanoassemblies. Compared with polymer-drug conjugates and the micelles into which drugs are physically entrapped, micelles or micelle-like(More)
A new lignan glycoside, (+)-pinoresinol 4-O-[6″-O-vanilloyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside (1) and two known phenolic compounds, 6'-O-vanilloyltachioside (2) and 6'-O-vanilloylisotachioside (3) were isolated from the latex of Calotropis gigantea (Asclepiadaceae). The structure of the new compound was elucidated by using spectroscopic and chemical methods. Three(More)
Guangdong Province in China runs a risk of gradually increasing pollution of its agricultural land and, as a consequence, toxic agricultural products. We concentrate here on the situation for cadmium, copper, and lead. For these metals we describe the toxicology, the current pollution and its sources, and what can be done to improve the situation by(More)