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Wnt3a encodes a signal that is expressed in the primitive streak of the gastrulating mouse embryo and is required for paraxial mesoderm development. In its absence cells adopt ectopic neural fates. Embryos lacking the T-box-containing transcription factors, Brachyury or Tbx6, also lack paraxial mesoderm. Here we show that Brachyury is specifically(More)
Wnt-3a mutant embryos show defects caudal to the forelimb level; somites are absent, the notochord is disrupted, and the central nervous system has a pronounced dysmorphology. Previous studies revealed that the primary defects of the mutant embryos are likely to be in the process of paraxial mesoderm formation. In this study, we analyzed the phenotype of(More)
Age-related changes in PS-1 localization were examined in the brains of 22 cynomolgus monkeys ranging in age from embryonic day 87 to 35 years. In embryonic monkey brains, anti-PS-1 antibody N12, which recognizes the PS-1 N-terminal fragment (Ntf) and holo protein, stained immature neuronal cells. In juvenile monkeys, N12 stained large pyramidal neurons,(More)
Previously, we cloned a carrot (Daucus carota L.) cDNA encoding a 45-kD protein, 21D7, located in the nuclei of proliferating cells. The 21D7 protein is similar to the partial sequence of a regulatory subunit of the bovine 26S proteasome, p58 (G. DeMartino, C.R. Moomaw, O.P. Zagnitko, R.J. Proske, M. Chu-Ping, S.J. Afendis, J.C. Swaffield, C.A. Slaughter(More)
Surface structure of myofibrils of rabbit skeletal muscle and their transverse elasticity were studied by atomic force microscopy. Images of myofibrils had a periodic structure characteristic of sarcomeres of skeletal muscle fibers. The transverse elasticity distribution in the sarcomere was determined based on force-distance curves measured at various loci(More)
The matrix (M) genes of Yamagata-1 strain subacute sclerosing panencephalitis virus passaged in African green monkey kidney cells and human neuroblastoma cells displayed strikingly nonrandom sequence divergence. The genes of both substrains shared a large number of uridine (U) to cytidine (C) transitions, but the latter contained numerous additional U to C(More)
Caspase-3 is one of the cystein proteases that play essential roles in programmed cell death. As such, brain development is profoundly affected by caspase-3-deficiency, resulting in hyperplasia and abnormal cell organization (Kuida et al., Nature 1996;384:368-372). In the present study, we used caspase-3 (-/-) mice to show that caspase-3 deficiency results(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the usefulness and safety of a bladder neck support prosthesis in patients with stress or mixed incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 57 women with stress and 20 with mixed incontinence completed a 12-week prospective clinical trial of a bladder neck support prosthesis. While indexes of incontinence episodes, leakage amounts(More)
Pulmonary lesions in 22 autopsy cases of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) were studied clinicopathologically, with special emphasis on the relation of the lesions to systemic vasculitis, glomerular changes, and clinical manifestations. The pulmonary lesions were divided, on the basis of morphologic characteristics, into four types: 1) the fulminant type, which(More)
Aureobasidin A (AbA) is a novel cyclic depsipeptide antifungal antibiotic. The antifungal activity of AbA was studied in vitro and in vivo in comparison with clinically effective antifungal agents, amphotericin B and fluconazole. AbA was highly active in vitro against many pathogenic fungi, including Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Blastomyces(More)