Yutaka Yamamuro

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Choline is an important methyl donor and a component of membrane phospholipids. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that choline availability can modulate cell proliferation and the methylation of genes that regulate cell cycling. In several other model systems, hypomethylation of cytosine bases that are followed by a guanosine (CpG) sites in the(More)
Following virus infection of the central nervous system, microglia, the ontogenetic and functional equivalents of macrophages in somatic tissues, act as sources of chemokines, thereby recruiting peripheral leukocytes into the brain parenchyma. In the present study, we have systemically examined the growth characteristics of rabies virus (RV) in microglia(More)
The biological actions of estrogen are mostly conveyed through interaction with the nuclear estrogen receptor (ER). Previous evidence indicated that estrogen participates in self-regulation through the modulation of the expression of its own receptors. However, the self-regulation of estrogen against ER in the mammary gland during established lactation has(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) release in the hippocampus of Wistar strain rats with permanent bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries was examined during a discrimination learning task using a microdialysis method. Such occlusion resulted in obvious impairment of the discrimination performance. The state, the basal value and released patterns, of ACh in(More)
The activity of subfornical organ (SFO) neurons that were antidromically identified by electrical stimulation of the rat hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) was tested for a response to microiontophoretic application of angiotensin II (ANG II) or hemorrhage (10 ml/kg b.w.t.). Microiontophoretically (MIPh) applied ANG II caused an increased(More)
To clarify the relationship between dopamine (DA) release in the prefrontal cortex and learning performance, extracellular DA was measured by an in vivo microdialysis method during a discrimination learning task. Rats were trained to discriminate between lamp-on and -off states under an operant-type learning procedure. After stable discriminative behavior(More)
During neurotropic virus infection, microglia act as a source of chemokines, thereby regulating the recruitment of peripheral leukocytes and the multicellular immune response within the CNS. Herein, we present a comprehensive study on the chemokine production by microglia in response to double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), a conserved molecular pattern of virus(More)
To investigate regulation of the septo-hippocampal cholinergic system by dopaminergic inputs to the septum in rats which performed a discrimination learning task, an in vivo microdialysis method with the dual-probe approach was used. Rats were trained to discriminate between lamp-on and -off states under an operant-type learning procedure. After stable(More)
The leakage of lactose from the mammary gland into plasma and the increase in the suckling-induced concentration of prolactin in the plasma of oxytocin-injected lactating rats suckling different numbers of pups were investigated. Rats nursing eight pups were isolated from their litter for 6 h and injected i.v. with either 1 iu oxytocin or saline and allowed(More)
Post-translational modification of histone such as acetylation of N-terminal of lysine residues influences gene expression by modulating the accessibility of specific transcription factors to the promoter region, and is essential for a wide variety of cellular processes in the development of individual tissues, including the brain. However, few details(More)