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Following virus infection of the central nervous system, microglia, the ontogenetic and functional equivalents of macrophages in somatic tissues, act as sources of chemokines, thereby recruiting peripheral leukocytes into the brain parenchyma. In the present study, we have systemically examined the growth characteristics of rabies virus (RV) in microglia(More)
Choline is an important methyl donor and a component of membrane phospholipids. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that choline availability can modulate cell proliferation and the methylation of genes that regulate cell cycling. In several other model systems, hypomethylation of cytosine bases that are followed by a guanosine (CpG) sites in the(More)
The soft-furred rat, millardia (Millardia meltada), is characterized by the development of androgen-dependent mammary tumours only in males. The age-related changes of the activities of thymidylate synthetase (TS) and thymidine kinase (TK), which contribute to DNA synthesis through de novo and salvage pathways, respectively, and structure in the mammary(More)
Changes in prolactin (PRL)-, growth hormone (GH)- and PRL/GH-containing cells in the anterior pituitary of pre- and postnatal male and female rats were determined using immunocytochemistry with double fluorescent antibodies. The pituitary glands from a fetus on Day 20 of gestation and pups on Days 0, 1, 4, 7, 12, and 20 of the postnatal period with sex(More)
Prolactin (PRL)-like bioactivities (in Nb2 lymphoma assay), immunoreactivities (in RIA) and B/I ratios in rat milk, maternal and neonatal pituitary glands and sera were investigated. The PRL-like bioactivity in the water-soluble fraction of rat milk (infranatant prepared by ultracentrifugation) exceeded its immunoreactivity 3-7-fold. The elevated B/I ratio(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) release in the hippocampus of Wistar strain rats with permanent bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries was examined during a discrimination learning task using a microdialysis method. Such occlusion resulted in obvious impairment of the discrimination performance. The state, the basal value and released patterns, of ACh in(More)
The biological actions of estrogen are mostly conveyed through interaction with the nuclear estrogen receptor (ER). Previous evidence indicated that estrogen participates in self-regulation through the modulation of the expression of its own receptors. However, the self-regulation of estrogen against ER in the mammary gland during established lactation has(More)
The activity of subfornical organ (SFO) neurons that were antidromically identified by electrical stimulation of the rat hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) was tested for a response to microiontophoretic application of angiotensin II (ANG II) or hemorrhage (10 ml/kg b.w.t.). Microiontophoretically (MIPh) applied ANG II caused an increased(More)
To clarify the relationship between dopamine (DA) release in the prefrontal cortex and learning performance, extracellular DA was measured by an in vivo microdialysis method during a discrimination learning task. Rats were trained to discriminate between lamp-on and -off states under an operant-type learning procedure. After stable discriminative behavior(More)
During neurotropic virus infection, microglia act as a source of chemokines, thereby regulating the recruitment of peripheral leukocytes and the multicellular immune response within the CNS. Herein, we present a comprehensive study on the chemokine production by microglia in response to double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), a conserved molecular pattern of virus(More)