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A sulfate-reducing enrichment culture originating from coastal marine sediment of the eutrophic Tokyo Bay, Japan, was successfully established with Casamino acids as a substrate. A thiosulfate reducer, strain C/G2(T), was isolated from the enrichment culture after further enrichment with glutamate. Cells of strain C/G2(T) were non-motile rods (0.6-0.8(More)
Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) was used to construct an atomic model of the actin-tropomyosin (Tm) complex on a reconstituted thin filament. We generated five single-cysteine mutants in the 146-174 region of rabbit skeletal muscle α-Tm. An energy donor probe was attached to a single-cysteine Tm residue, while an energy acceptor probe was(More)
Treatment of patients with chylous or non-chylous lymphatic leakage can be difficult. An approach using therapeutic lymphangiography can reduce the lymphatic leakage, but it seldom stops the leakage immediately and subsequent conservative treatment is necessary. We report three cases in which intranodal lymphangiography was performed multiple times to(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to simulate Ca(2+)-dependent conformational change of calmodulin (CaM). Simulations of the fully Ca(2+)-bound form of CaM (Holo-CaM) and the Ca(2+)-free form (Apo-CaM) were performed in solution for 4 ns starting from the X-ray crystal structure of Holo-CaM. A striking difference was observed between the(More)
A molecular structure viewer program, MOSBY has been developed for studies that use atomic coordinates to understand the structures of protein molecules. The program is designed to be portable with a comprehensive user interface by our high-throughput graphics library. In addition, it cooperates with extension modules customized for individual research(More)
Troponin (Tn), in association with tropomyosin (Tm), plays a central role in the calcium regulation of striated muscle contraction. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between probes attached to the Tn subunits (TnC, TnI, TnT) and to Tm was measured to study the spatial relationship between Tn and Tm on the thin filament. We generated(More)
In this paper, we propose a new approach for gene recognition, which uses no training data for the recognizer. In this approach, we start from a simple model, which only uses the knowledge of start codons and the stop codons, then the recognition of the DNA sequences by the recognizer and the training of the parameters of the recognizer by the result of the(More)
The data processing language in a graphical software tool that manages sequence annotation data from genome databases should provide flexible functions for the tasks in molecular biology research. Among currently available languages we adopted the Lua programming language. It fulfills our requirements to perform computational tasks for sequence map layouts,(More)
Single-particle analysis is one of the methods for structural studies of protein and macromolecules; it requires advanced image analysis of electron micrographics. Reconstructing three-dimensional (3D) structure from microscope images is not an easy analysis because of the low image resolution of images and lack of the directional information of images in(More)