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Edaravone, a potent free radical scavenger, is clinically used for the treatment of cerebral infarction in Japan. Here, we examined the effects of edaravone on the dynamics of high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), which is a key mediator of ischemic-induced brain damage, during a 48-h postischemia/reperfusion period in rats and in oxygen-glucose-deprived (OGD)(More)
Granulocytic sarcomas are rare tumors that occur primarily in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia or other myeloproliferative disorders, are seldom seen in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and have never been reported to occur in the cerebellum. The authors describe the case of a patient with APL who harbored a hemorrhagic granulocytic(More)
INTRODUCTION Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis. Usually, systemic complications due to BCG vaccination are quite rare. However, since BCG is a live vaccine, there is still a possibility that it may cause an infection. CASE PRESENTATION Hepatic granuloma was found incidentally in an asymptomatic 5-month-old(More)
Aplastic or twig-like middle cerebral artery (Ap/T-MCA) is a rare anatomical anomaly, which can be associated with intracranial hemorrhage and cerebral ischemia. A 52-year-old woman who presented with sudden headache was admitted to our hospital. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging showed no abnormality; however, magnetic resonance(More)
Taking an excess amount of caffeine (e.g. overdrinking caffeinated beverages) sometimes causes hypokalaemia. Although the detailed mechanism has not been clarified yet, an increased loss of potassium via the urine stream caused by the diuretic action of caffeine is proposed as one of the possibilities. We report the case of a 50-year-old female outpatient(More)
Multi-stage reduction cranioplasty was performed on two children with severe macrocephaly sec ondary to hydrocephalus. One patient underwent a four-stage operation, and the other underwent a two-stage operation. The postoperative course of both patients was uneventful. Reduction cranioplasty improved quality of life for both patients, and good cosmetic(More)
We report a case of recurrent craniopharyngioma in the third ventricle with obstructive hydrocephalus, which was successfully treated by placement of the Ommaya reservoir by neuroendoscopic procedure. A 72-year-old male with disorientation and gait disturbance was admitted to our hospital. He had been suffering chronic heart failure and arrhythmia due to(More)
Postoperative tethering of the high cervical spinal cord is a rare cause of neurological deterioration after foramen magnum decompression (FMD) with duraplasty for Chiari type I malformation. A review of the literature revealed that only 5 cases have been reported. This entity is not widely known to occur as a complication of the common surgical procedure(More)
Multi-stage reduction cranioplasty was performed on two children with severe macrocephaly secondary to hydrocephalus. One patient underwent a four-stage operation, and the other underwent a two-stage operation. The postoperative course of both patients was uneventful. Reduction cranioplasty improved quality of life for both patients, and good cosmetic(More)
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