Yutaka Tajima

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Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) plays a role in the generation of post-ischemic edema. Pharmacological modulation of AQP4 function may thus provide a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of stroke, tumor-associated edema, epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, and other disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) associated with altered brain water balance.(More)
Granulocytic sarcomas are rare tumors that occur primarily in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia or other myeloproliferative disorders, are seldom seen in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and have never been reported to occur in the cerebellum. The authors describe the case of a patient with APL who harbored a hemorrhagic granulocytic(More)
High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a non-histone DNA-binding protein, is massively released into the extracellular space from neuronal cells after ischemic insult and exacerbates brain tissue damage in rats. Minocycline is a semisynthetic second-generation tetracycline antibiotic which has recently been shown to be a promising neuroprotective agent. In this(More)
INTRODUCTION Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis. Usually, systemic complications due to BCG vaccination are quite rare. However, since BCG is a live vaccine, there is still a possibility that it may cause an infection. CASE PRESENTATION Hepatic granuloma was found incidentally in an asymptomatic 5-month-old(More)
Edaravone, a potent free radical scavenger, is clinically used for the treatment of cerebral infarction in Japan. Here, we examined the effects of edaravone on the dynamics of high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), which is a key mediator of ischemic-induced brain damage, during a 48-h postischemia/reperfusion period in rats and in oxygen-glucose-deprived (OGD)(More)
Bacterial strains isolated from clinical specimens have become more and more resistant to many anti-microbials. This is because we have consumed large amounts of strong antimicrobials over long periods of time and thus bacterial cells are able to survive by altering the target(s) of antimicrobial agents. A good example of this phenomenon is(More)
Multi-stage reduction cranioplasty was performed on two children with severe macrocephaly sec ondary to hydrocephalus. One patient underwent a four-stage operation, and the other underwent a two-stage operation. The postoperative course of both patients was uneventful. Reduction cranioplasty improved quality of life for both patients, and good cosmetic(More)
BACKGROUND Serum deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) activity was reported to increase in the early phase after onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Up to now, DNase I activity has been quantified by the single radial enzyme diffusion (SRED) method, which unfortunately requires a long incubation time. Therefore it is necessary to develop another assay(More)
We developed a time-suppression test using alamarBlue, which will allow estimation of the cidal or static nature of antimicrobials very easily and quickly. As an example, the effects of vancomycin, linezolid, and daptomycin on a representative strain of Staphylococcus aureus were estimated.