Yutaka Shimada

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The metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are key receptors in the modulation of excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. Here we have determined three different crystal structures of the extracellular ligand-binding region of mGluR1--in a complex with glutamate and in two unliganded forms. They all showed disulphide-linked(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been defined as a unique subpopulation in tumors that possess the ability to initiate tumor growth and sustain tumor self-renewal. Although the evidence has been provided to support the existence of CSCs in various solid tumors, the identity of gastric CSCs has not been reported. In this study, we have identified gastric(More)
Activation of the Hedgehog (Hh) signalling pathway by sporadic mutations or in familial conditions such as Gorlin's syndrome is associated with tumorigenesis in skin, the cerebellum and skeletal muscle. Here we show that a wide range of digestive tract tumours, including most of those originating in the oesophagus, stomach, biliary tract and pancreas, but(More)
Twenty-one esophageal cancer cell lines (KYSE series) have been established from the resected specimens of patients with esophageal cancer. Three lines, KYSE-30, KYSE-50, and KYSE-70, were derived from the implanted tumor of nude mice (initial passage); others were derived from resected specimens. Each cell line was morphologically distinct. Detailed(More)
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) or a 5-FU derivative 1-(2-tetrahydrofuryl)-5-fluorouracil (FT) has been widely prescribed for patients with gastrointestinal cancer. However, the phosphorylation of 5-FU in the digestive tract causes gastrointestinal toxicities. 5-FU is also rapidly degraded to alpha-fluoro-beta-alanine after contact with dihydropyrimidine(More)
We employed our recently developed immuno-electron microscopic method (W. Möbius, Y. Ohno-Iwashita, E. G. van Donselaar, V. M. Oorschot, Y. Shimada, T. Fujimoto, H. F. Heijnen, H. J. Geuze and J. W. Slot, J Histochem Cytochem 2002; 50: 43-55) to analyze the distribution of cholesterol in the endocytic pathway of human B lymphocytes. We could distinguish 6(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroidal plant hormones that are essential for growth and development. It has been proposed that BRs are synthesized via two parallel pathways, the early and late C-6 oxidation pathways according to the C-6 oxidation status. The tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Dwarf gene encodes a cytochrome P450 that has been shown to catalyze(More)
PURPOSE A phase II study of a combination chemotherapy regimen of cisplatin (CDDP) and irinotecan (CPT-11) was conducted to assess its efficacy and feasibility in patients with metastatic gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eligibility criteria included the following: (1) histologically proven gastric cancer with measurable metastatic lesions, (2)(More)
The importance of microRNAs (miRNAs) in human malignancies has been well recognized. Here, we report that the expression of microRNA-210 (miR-210) is down-regulated in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and derived cell lines. Marked decreases in the level of miR-210 were observed especially in poorly differentiated carcinomas. We found that miR-210(More)
PURPOSE We performed a multicenter randomized controlled trial to determine whether postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy improves outcome in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma undergoing radical surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy with lymphadenectomy between July 1992 and January 1997 at 17(More)