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Growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9), a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, is known to be expressed specifically in ovaries of various mammalian species and to be important for normal follicular development in mice. In the present study, a cDNA encoding for bovine GDF-9 was isolated and characterized, and expression of GDF-9 mRNA(More)
A member of the chitinase protein family, oviduct-specific glycoprotein (OGP), can directly associate with gametes or with the early embryo in the oviduct. Although the glycoprotein is widely distributed among mammalian species and there is indirect evidence concerning the involvement of the molecule in the fertilization process, its physiological functions(More)
The objective of this study was to identify factors that would allow the establishment of a serum-free culture system that could support follicular and oocyte growth, antrum formation, and estradiol-17beta (E(2)) production in preantral follicles of bovine ovaries. Large preantral follicles (145-170 micro m in diameter) were microsurgically dissected from(More)
Embryogenesis-stimulating activity (ESA) was found in serum-free conditioned media (CM) of bovine cumulus/granulosa cells (BGC) and bovine oviductal epithelial cells (BOEC). The CM of BGC (BGC-CM) contained two molecular species of ESA, one with a low molecular weight (M(r) 30,000) and another with a high molecular weight (M(r) 80,000); but only the(More)
In the present study, we have isolated the cDNA for the mouse oviduct-specific glycoprotein (MOGP) by screening the mouse oviduct cDNA library with the bovine oviduct-specific glycoprotein (BOGP)-cDNA probe and by the 5' rapid amplification of the cDNA end (5'RACE). The total length of cDNA was determined to be 2525 base pairs (bp) by sequence analysis. The(More)
Essential factors required for growing oocytes derived from bovine early antral follicles and their mechanisms of action are poorly understood. Fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7) is a member of the heparin-binding FGF family with a distinctive pattern of target-cell specificity. The effect of FGF7 on the stimulation of oocyte growth in a culture of(More)
There is growing evidence that the oviduct is not a passive conduit for gamete and embryo transport but serves a function for the gametes and/or embryos. The oviductal epithelium secretes one or more specific glycoproteins that associate with the egg after ovulation. Several published reports including our preliminary studies have suggested that the(More)
A specific 85-97-kDa (95-kDa) glycoprotein was found in bovine oviductal tissue and fluid during the follicular phase. In this study, a 95-kDa bovine oviductal glycoprotein (95-kDa BOGP) was purified by wheat germ agglutinin affinity and Mono-Q ion-exchange column chromatography. The first 29 NH2-terminal amino acid residues were determined by gas-phase(More)
The mammalian fertilization process takes place in a complex microenvironment within the female genital tract. A member of the chitinase protein family, oviduct-specific glycoprotein (OGP), has been identified in oviductal fluid from various mammalian species, including humans. Although OGP is widely believed to be involved in the process of mammalian(More)
The hatching enzyme (envelysin) of the sea urchin Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus was purified from the medium of hatched blastulae. By cDNA cloning its deduced amino acid sequence and molecular architecture were revealed. The 591-residue precursor with calculated Mr of 66,123 consists of an 18-residue signal sequence, a 151-residue propeptide, and a 422-residue(More)