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We evaluated and compared the pulmonary clearance kinetics and extrapulmonary translocations of seven titanium dioxide (TiO2) nano- and submicron particles with different characteristics, including size, shape and surface coating. Varying doses of TiO2 nano- and submicron particles dispersed in 0.2% disodium phosphate solution were intratracheally(More)
AEROSIL(®) P25 titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles dispersed in 0.2% disodium phosphate solution were intratracheally administered to male F344 rats at doses of 0 (control), 0.375, 0.75, 1.5, 3.0, and 6.0 mg/kg. The rats were sacrificed under anesthesia at 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, 4 weeks, 13 weeks, and 26 weeks after administration. Ti levels in various(More)
We have carried out animal toxicity tests of chemicals for a chemical safety program implemented by the Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry of Japan. Here, we tested 1-tert-butoxy-4-chlorobenzene in a combined repeat-dose and developmental and reproductive toxicity test. The test chemical was administered daily by gavage to 9-week-old Crl:CD (SD) rats(More)
4-Methoxy-2-nitroaniline (4M2NA) is widely used as an intermediate for the synthesis of dyes, pigments and other chemical compounds. Since 4M2NA has amino-group and nitro-group on the benzene ring, it was expected that it induced obvious hemolytic anemia. We conducted a combined repeated dose and reproductive/developmental toxicity screening test according(More)
The intratracheal (IT) test is useful for screening the pulmonary toxicity of inhaled materials, including nanomaterials. However, a standard procedure has not yet been authorized internationally, and the effects of different test parameters are unknown. To determine appropriate experimental conditions for the IT test, we intratracheally administered(More)
tert-Butylhydrazine monohydrochloride was daily administered by gavage to groups of Crl:CD (SD)IGS rats at doses of 0 (control), 0.8, 4, or 20 mg/kg/day. Twelve males per group were treated for a total of 42 days from 14 days before mating. Twelve females per group were treated from 14 days before mating to day 4 of lactation throughout the mating and(More)
Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) is commonly examined for pulmonary toxicity in animal studies. Two common means of anesthesia before euthanasia and bronchoalveolar lavage in rats are intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital and inhalation of isoflurane. Medetomidine-midazolam-butorphanol is an alternative anesthesia to pentobarbital for animal(More)
Intratracheal administration methods are used to conduct toxicological assessments of inhaled nanoparticles (NPs), and gavage needles or microsprayers are common intratracheal delivery devices. The NP suspension is delivered in a liquid state via gavage needle and as a liquid aerosol via microsprayer. The differences in local pulmonary NP distribution(More)
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