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Although diffuse axonal injury (DAI) usually ellicits cognitive disorders, abnormal brain findings are generally undetected by conventional imaging techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to detect lesions in DAI patients and to investigate the correlation between DAI lesions and cognitive(More)
Combination of visual and kinesthetic information is essential to perceive bodily movements. We conducted behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging experiments to investigate the neuronal correlates of visuokinesthetic combination in perception of hand movement. Participants experienced illusory flexion movement of their hand elicited by tendon(More)
Prompted by our neuroimaging findings in 60 normal people, we examined whether focal damage to the hand section of precentral motor regions impairs hand kinesthesia in a patient, and investigated brain regions related to recovery of kinesthetic function. The damage impaired contralateral kinesthesia. The peri-lesional cerebral motor region, together with(More)
The corpus callosum, which is the largest white matter structure in the human brain, connects the 2 cerebral hemispheres. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the independent processing of the hemispheres and in integrating information between both hemispheres. The functional integrity of interhemispheric interactions can be tested electrophysiologically(More)
Does viewing someone's actions activate a viewer's somatosensory cortex? We tested if visual information of limb movements activated limb sections in somatosensory areas that are normally engaged in kinesthetic processing of the limb. We showed, with functional magnetic resonance imaging in 17 right-handed healthy subjects, that passive observation of(More)
The discovery of the mirror neuron system has dramatically changed the study of motor control in neuroscience. The mirror neuron system provides a conceptual framework covering the aspects of motor as well as sensory functions in motor control. Previous studies of motor control can be classified as studies of motor or sensory functions, and these two(More)
Fluent speech with phonological paraphasia is characteristic of conduction aphasia and Wernicke's aphasia. Phonological para-phasia is characterized by speech sound errors that still convey the intended meaning. Some patients with phonological paraphasia show auditory–verbal short-term memory (STM) disturbances. However, it is not certain that phonological(More)
This study aimed to investigate the manner in which healthy individuals execute robust whole body movements despite unstable body structure from the perspective of perception-action coupling. Twelve healthy adults performed sit-to-stand (STS) movements under conditions of constrained visual and somatic senses. During this movement, centre of mass (COM) of(More)
We examined whether visual information on the dynamic aspect of the actions performed by an individual can influence an observer's action. Sixteen participants cyclically generated an isometric precision grip force with their right thumb and index finger in synchronization with the contraction (in-phase) or relaxation phase of an experimenter's hand, foot,(More)
Our brain has great flexibility to cope with various changes in the environment. Use-dependent plasticity, a kind of functional plasticity, plays the most important role in this ability to cope. For example, the functional recovery of paretic limb motor movement during post-stroke rehabilitation depends mainly on how much it is used. Patients with(More)