Yutaka Okuno

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Transcription factors are believed to have a dominant role in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This idea is supported by analysis of gene-knockout mice, which uncovered crucial roles of several transcription factors in normal hematopoiesis, and of individuals with leukemia, in whom transcription factors are frequently downregulated or mutated. However,(More)
Both PU.1 (also called SFPI1), an Ets-family transcription factor, and AML1 (also called RUNX1), a DNA-binding subunit of the CBF transcription factor family, are crucial for the generation of all hematopoietic lineages, and both act as tumor suppressors in leukemia. An upstream regulatory element (URE) of PU.1 has both enhancer and repressor activity and(More)
Regulation of the hematopoietic transcription factor PU.1 (Spi-1) plays a critical role in the development of white cells, and abnormal expression of PU.1 can lead to leukemia. We previously reported that the PU.1 promoter cannot induce expression of a reporter gene in vivo, and cell-type-specific expression of PU.1 in stable lines was conferred by a 3.4-kb(More)
Human CD34 (hCD34)-positive cells are used currently as a source for hematopoietic transplantation in humans. However, in steady-state murine hematopoiesis, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with long-term reconstitution activity are found almost exclusively in the murine CD34 (mCD34)-negative to low fraction. To evaluate the possible differences in hCD34 and(More)
The transcription factor PU.1 is essential for myeloid and B-cell development. Down-regulation of PU.1 by disruption of its 14-kb 5' upstream regulatory element induced acute myeloid leukemia, T-cell lymphoma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia-like disease in murine models. In the present study, we found that PU.1 was down-regulated in the majority of human(More)
CD138 expression is a hallmark of plasma cells and multiple myeloma cells. However, decreased expression of CD138 is frequently observed in plasma cells of myeloma patients, although the clinical significance of this is unclear. To evaluate the significance of low expression of CD138 in MM, we examined the phenotypes(More)
Shikonin (SHK), a natural small agent (MW 288.3), reportedly induces cell death in various tumor cells. We have found that SHK also exerts potent cytocidal effects on human multiple myeloma (MM) cells, but its anticancer mechanism in MM cells remains to be elucidated. SHK at 2.5-5 µM induced apoptosis in seven MM cell lines, including the(More)
The transcription factor RUNX1 is essential to establish the haematopoietic gene expression programme; however, the mechanism of how it activates transcription of haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) genes is still elusive. Here, we obtained novel insights into RUNX1 function by studying regulation of the human CD34 gene, which is expressed in HSCs. Using(More)
Cepharanthine (CEP), a biscoclaurine alkaloid extracted from Stephania Cepharantha Hayata, has been used in Japan for treating patients with radiation-induced leucopenia or thrombocytopenia. We treated a patient with multiple myeloma (MM), who was not responding to preceding chemotherapy, who coincidently received therapy with CEP due to thrombocytopenia.(More)
Immune escape and tolerance in the tumor microenvironment are closely involved in tumor progression, and are caused by T-cell exhaustion and mediated by the inhibitory signaling of immune checkpoint molecules including programmed death-1 (PD-1), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4, and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domaincontaining molecule-3. In(More)