Yutaka Okamoto

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Malignant gliomas are highly lethal neoplasms that cannot be cured with currently available therapies. Temozolomide (TMZ) is a recently introduced alkylating agent that has yielded significant benefits and become a key agent in the treatment of high-grade gliomas. However, its survival benefit remains unsatisfactory. Understanding the molecular basis of TMZ(More)
The effects of phenytoin on cellular immunity were examined in murine models. Fresh splenocytes were obtained from mice which had received 1 mg/day of phenytoin i.p. for 28 days. The serum concentration of phenytoin in these animals was 10–10 μg/ml. The proliferative response of splenocytes to mitogens was assessed by 3H-thymidine incorporation. The(More)
Human interferon-beta (IFN-beta) is known to exhibit pleiotropic biological activities including antitumor effects. On the other hand, temozolomide (TMZ), an oral bioavailable alkylating agent with excellent tolerability, has demonstrated efficacy and has become a key therapeutic agent in patients with malignant gliomas; however, its survival benefit(More)
Temozolomide (TMZ) is an alkylating agent that has yielded significant benefits and is a current standard agent in the treatment of malignant gliomas. However, its survival benefit remains unsatisfactory. Recently, a synergistic antitumor effect between TMZ and interferon-β (IFN-β) was reported in malignant glioma cells. The Japan Clinical Oncology Group(More)
Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) could have potential for tumorigenesis, treatment resistance, and tumor recurrence (GSC hypothesis). However, the mechanisms underlying such potential has remained elusive and few ultrastructural features of the cells have been reported in detail. We therefore undertook observations of the antigenic characteristics and(More)
Ribavirin (1-β-D-ribofuranosy-1,2,4-triazole3-carboxamide) has been widely administered as an antiviral agent against RNA and DNA viruses. Ribavirin, in combination with interferon, has predominantly been applied in the treatment of the hepatitis C virus infection and its potential antitumor efficacy has recently become a point of interest. The aim of the(More)
In order to know whether nitrogen dioxide, an environmental and endogenous free radical toxin, can participate in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions, damage to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) by nitrogen dioxide and uptake of the damaged LDL by macrophages were investigated. A solution of LDL at pH 7.5 was exposed to an atmosphere of nitrogen dioxide(More)
Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) are undifferentiated cells that are considered to be an origin of glioblastomas. Furthermore, they may contribute to treatment resistance and recurrence in glioblastomas. GSCs differentiate into differentiated glioma cells (non-glioma stem-like cells: non‑GSCs), and interconversion might occur between GSCs and non-GSCs. We(More)
Medulloblastomas are among the most common malignant brain tu mors in children. These tumors consist of immature bipotential cells that may differentiate into neuronal and glial cells. We have established two cell lines for human medulloblastoma. One was derived from a 2-yearold girl with a cerebellar tumor (designated as ONS-76) and another from a(More)
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