Yutaka Okamoto

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We classified senile plaques (SP) into 4 types: diffuse, primitive, classic, and compact. Here, we studied the nature of diffuse plaques in the brains of 6 autopsied subjects with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT). In the entorhinal cortex, both the modified Bielschowsky stain (108%) and periodic acid-methenamine silver (PAM) stain (111%)(More)
The role of flavivirus-cross-reactive T lymphocytes in recovery from and pathogenesis of flavivirus infections is not known. In the present paper, we have defined a flavivirus-cross-reactive epitope recognized by two CD4+ CD8- cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones, JK4 and JK43. The T cell clones were established from the peripheral blood T lymphocytes of a(More)
Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) could have potential for tumorigenesis, treatment resistance, and tumor recurrence (GSC hypothesis). However, the mechanisms underlying such potential has remained elusive and few ultrastructural features of the cells have been reported in detail. We therefore undertook observations of the antigenic characteristics and(More)
Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) are undifferentiated cells that are considered to be an origin of glioblastomas. Furthermore, they may contribute to treatment resistance and recurrence in glioblastomas. GSCs differentiate into differentiated glioma cells (non-glioma stem-like cells: non‑GSCs), and interconversion might occur between GSCs and non-GSCs. We(More)
Ribavirin (1-β-D-ribofuranosy-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide) has been widely administered as an antiviral agent against RNA and DNA viruses. Ribavirin, in combination with interferon, has predominantly been applied in the treatment of the hepatitis C virus infection and its potential antitumor efficacy has recently become a point of interest. The aim of the(More)
This paper presents a multiple channel active noise control system using the simultaneous equations method based on the different principle from the filtered-x algorithm. The simultaneous equations method can automatically recover the noise reduction effect degraded by acoustic path changes. In this paper, we apply the method to multiple channel active(More)
Medulloblastomas are among the most common malignant brain tu mors in children. These tumors consist of immature bipotential cells that may differentiate into neuronal and glial cells. We have established two cell lines for human medulloblastoma. One was derived from a 2-year-old girl with a cerebellar tumor (designated as ONS-76) and another from a(More)
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