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Metastasis is a major cause of death in cancer patients and involves a multistep process including detachment of cancer cells from a primary cancer, invasion of surrounding tissue, spread through circulation, re-invasion and proliferation in distant organs. KiSS-1 is a human metastasis suppressor gene, that suppresses metastases of human melanomas and(More)
BACKGROUND An estimated 275,000 patients undergo heart valve replacement each year. However, existing solutions for valve replacement are complicated by the morbidity associated with lifelong anticoagulation of mechanical valves and the limited durability of bioprostheses. Recent advances in tissue engineering and our understanding of stem cell biology may(More)
Ghrelin, a novel growth-hormone-releasing peptide, was discovered in rat and human stomach tissues. However, its physiological and pharmacological actions in the gastric function remain to be determined. Therefore, we studied the effects of rat ghrelin on gastric functions in urethane-anesthetized rats. Intravenous administrations of rat ghrelin at 0.8 to(More)
The pharmacokinetics of polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in humans was studied by monitoring the blood concentrations of individuals who ingested a contaminated rice oil in Japan (yusho) in 1968 and in Taiwan (yu-cheng) in 1979. Sixteen yusho patients were followed from 1982 to 1990 and three yu-cheng individuals(More)
An increment of abdominal visceral fat accumulation has been reported to be a coronary risk factor. We determined the predictive power of pericardial fat (Pfat) accumulation as intra-thoracic visceral fat, in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Among 251 (181 non-obese [body mass index<25], 70 obese [body mass index> or =25]) Japanese male(More)
Bufalin, a component of the Chinese medicine chan'su, induces apoptosis in various lines of human tumor cells, such as leukemia HL60 and U937 cells, by altering the expression of apoptosis-related genes, for example, bcl-2 and c-myc. In this study, we characterized a gene that is involved in bufalin-induced apoptosis by the differential display (DD)(More)
BACKGROUND The therapeutic potential of using stem cells is tremendous. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have now been isolated in various tissues including bone marrow (BM), muscle, skin and adipose tissue. Among them, adipose tissue could be one of the most suitable cell sources for cell therapy, because of its easy accessibility, minimal morbidity and(More)
In a previous study, we demonstrated that bufalin caused apoptosis in human leukemia U937 cells by the anomalous activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) via a signaling pathway that included Ras, Raf-1 and MAPK kinase-1. We report here the effect of bufalin on c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK), a member of the MAPK family, and on the(More)
Intracellular recordings were obtained from rat trigeminal motoneurons in slice preparations to investigate the role of calcium conductances in the depolarizing and hyperpolarizing spike afterpotential (ADP and mAHP, respectively). The mAHP was suppressed by bath application of 1 microM apamin, 2 mM Mn2+, and 2 mM Co2+, and also by intracellular injection(More)
The pharmacokinetics of AM-1155, a new 6-fluoro-8-methoxy quinolone, was examined in healthy male volunteers after the oral administration of a single dose of 100, 200, 400, or 600 mg and multiple doses of 300 mg twice daily for 6.5 days (13 total doses). Throughout the whole study period, AM-1155 was well tolerated in every subject. In the single-dose(More)