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So-called sulfur-turf microbial mats, which are macroscopic white filaments or bundles consisting of large sausage-shaped bacteria and elemental sulfur particles, occur in sulfide-containing hot springs in Japan. However, no thermophiles from sulfur-turf mats have yet been isolated as cultivable strains. This study was undertaken to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Ribosomes in Escherichia coli change their composition and conformation in the stationary phase. Ribosome modulation factor (RMF) and ribosomal protein S22 are known to be associated with stationary phase ribosomes. RMF association causes the loss of translational activity and the dimerization of 70S ribosomes into 100S ribosomes, which may(More)
Stable ERG was successfully recorded using a contact lens-type electrode in conscious cynomolgus monkeys restrained in a monkey-chair with a specially devised head-holder. After adaptation to darkness, single photostimulation evoked ERG consisting of an initial negative wave (a-wave), followed by a positive wave superimposed with oscillatory potentials(More)
Amlexanox markedly inhibits histamine release from rat mast cells. To clarify the mechanism of this inhibition, we investigated the effect of amlexanox on cAMP content, which, when increased, inhibits histamine release in rat peritoneal mast cells. At concentrations of 10(-8)-10(-6)M, amlexanox or isoproterenol increased the cAMP content of mast cells over(More)
This study was designed to develop an animal model of Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes with persistent hypertension. Male spontaneously hypertensive rats were treated with 25.0, 37.5, 50.0, 62.5 or 75.0 mg/kg of streptozotocin given intraperitoneally at 2 days of age and maintained for 12 weeks. In the rats which received 50.0 mg/kg or more(More)
In fingertip amputations, conventional stump plasty provides an almost acceptable functional result. However, replanting fingertips can preserve the nail and minimize loss of function. We investigated the functional and cosmetic results of fingertip replantation at the terminal branch of the digital artery. Outcomes were nailbed width and distal-segment(More)
2,3,5-Trimethyl-6-(12-hydroxy-5,10-dodecadiynyl)-1,4-benzoquinone (AA861) inhibited 5-lipoxygenase of guinea pig peritoneal polymorphonuclear leukocytes (ID50, 0.8 microM). The inhibition was of competitive type. 12-Lipoxygenases and fatty acid cyclooxygenase were not affected below 10 microM. The formation of slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis by the(More)
We have reported previously that 2-[[[3-methyl-4-(2,2,2-trifluorethoxy)-2-pyridyl]methyl] sulfinil]- 1H-benzimidazole (AG-1749) inhibits (H+ + K+)-adenosine triphosphatase after being transformed into its cyclic sulfenamide form (AG-2000) or disulfide form (AG-1812) under acidic conditions. In this study, mechanisms related to the inhibition of acid(More)
The antisecretory and antiulcer activities of 2[[[3-methyl-4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-2-pyridyl]methyl] sulfinyl]-1H-benzimidazole (AG-1749) were investigated in dogs and rats. AG-1749 inhibited both the (H+ + K+)-adenosine triphosphatase activity in canine gastric microsomes and dibutyryl cyclic AMP-stimulated acid formation in isolated canine parietal(More)
The authors previously reported that typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs inhibited the acquisition but not expression of conditioned fear. The present study examined the effects of the selective dopamine D(1/5) agonist (SKF 38393) and antagonist (SCH 23390) on the acquisition and expression of conditioned fear. Drugs were administered subcutaneously to(More)