Yutaka Machida

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Recent progresses in the pathogenesis of sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) and genetics of familial PD are reviewed. There are common molecular events between sporadic and familial PD, particularly between sporadic PD and PARK1-linked PD due to alpha-synuclein (SNCA) mutations. In sporadic form, interaction of genetic predisposition and environmental(More)
Parkin, a product of the gene responsible for autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP), is an important player in the pathogenic process of Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite numerous studies including search for the substrate of parkin as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, the mechanism by which loss-of-function of parkin induces selective(More)
Zonisamide, originally known as an antiepileptic drug, has been approved in Japan as adjunctive therapy with levodopa for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although zonisamide reduces neurotoxicity, the precise mechanism of this action is not known. Here, we show that zonisamide increases cell viability in SH-SY5Y cells via an anti-apoptotic effect(More)
Parkin, a product of Park2 gene, is an important player in the pathogenic process of Parkinson's disease (PD). Despite numerous studies including search for the substrate of parkin, the mechanism by which loss-of-function of parkin induces selective dopaminergic neuronal death remains unclear. Here we show that antisense knockdown of parkin causes apoptotic(More)
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinicoradiological syndrome characterized by headache, confusion, seizures, and cortical visual loss, as well as subcortical edema without infarction on neuroimaging. We report a 56-year-old woman who developed typical manifestations of PRES, 6 days after blood transfusion for severe anemia. Acute(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypothyroidism is one of the most important causes of treatable dementia, and psychosis occasionally associated with it is known as myxedema madness. We report a case of a 90-year-old patient who developed myxedema madness acutely without overt clinical symptoms and signs suggestive of hypothyroidism. CASE PRESENTATION A 90-year-old Japanese(More)
A 25-year-old woman who had been receiving mesalazine for 2 weeks for ulcerative colitis presented with a nonproductive cough, high fever, and exertional dyspnea. Her chest radiograph showed bilateral pleural effusion. At first, infectious pleuritis was suspected and antibiotics were administered, but the pleural effusion increased and high fever continued.(More)
A 74-year-old man was admitted with respiratory failure and treated for tracheobronchial stenosis due to metastasis of renal cell carcinoma. It improved after implantation of an expandable metallic stent (EMS). One year later, the metastatic tumor at the near distal side of the EMS increased; eventually serious respiratory failure occurred again. However,(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous randomized double-blind study showed that drinking hydrogen (H2) water for 48 weeks significantly improved the total Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients treated with levodopa. We aim to confirm this result using a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multi-center trial. (More)