Yutaka Konishi

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Both chlorogenic and caffeic acids exhibited nonsaturable transport in Caco-2 cells, whereas caffeic acid also showed proton-coupled polarized absorption. Thus, the absorption efficiency of caffeic acid was greater than that of chlorogenic acid. Polarized transport of caffeic acid was inhibited by substrates of MCT such as benzoic and acetic acids. Almost(More)
Our previous study (Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 66, 2449-2457 (2002)), suggested that ferulic acid was transported via a monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT). Transepithelial transport of ferulic acid was examined in this study by directly measuring the rate of its transport across Caco-2 cell monolayers. Ferulic acid transport was dependent on pH, and(More)
p-Coumaric and ferulic acid are actively taken up by monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT), whereas gallic acid, caffeic acid (CA), and rosmarinic acid (RA) are absorbed by paracellular diffusion in human intestinal Caco-2 cells, although CA has low affinity for MCT. We previously demonstrated that p-coumaric acid has a much higher absorption efficiency(More)
Ferulic acid (FA) and p-coumaric acid (CA) are absorbed by the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT) in Caco-2 cells, although gallic acid (GA) is not. Therefore, the MCT is selective for certain phenolic acids. Absorption of orally administered CA and GA in rats was studied to obtain serum pharmacokinetic profiles and to investigate their intestinal(More)
The transepithelial transport of such common dietary phenolic acids as p-coumaric acid (CA) and gallic acid (GA) across Caco-2 cell monolayers was examined. CA transport was dependent on pH, and in a vectorial manner in the apical-basolateral direction. The permeation was concentration-dependent and saturable, the Michaelis constant and maximum velocity(More)
The absorption characteristics of rosmarinic acid (RA) were examined by measuring permeation across Caco-2 cell monolayers using an HPLC-electrochemical detector (ECD) fitted with a coulometric detection system. RA exhibited nonsaturable transport even at 30 mM, and the permeation at 5 mM in the apical-to-basolateral direction, J(ap-->bl), was 0.13(More)
Phenolic acids such as p-coumaric acid and microbial metabolites of poorly absorbed polyphenols are absorbed by the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT)-mediated transport system which is identical to the fluorescein/H(+) cotransport system. We focus here on the physiological impact of MCT-mediated absorption and distribution. We examined whether MCT1, the(More)
The cell permeability of hesperetin and hesperidin, anti-allergic compounds from citrus fruits, was measured using Caco-2 monolayers. In the presence of a proton gradient, hesperetin permeated cells in the apical-to-basolateral direction at the rate (Jap-->bl) of 10.43+/-0.78 nmol/min/mg protein, which was more than 400-fold higher than that of hesperidin(More)
The intestinal absorption characteristics of phenolic acids (PAs) have been elucidated in terms of their affinity for the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT). Recently, the involvement of the stomach has been implicated in the absorption of polyphenols. The present work demonstrates that the gastric absorption efficiency of each PA is apparently different(More)
The structural specificity of the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT) for the transport of phenolic acids was investigated by measuring the inhibitory effect on the fluorescein transport in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Although most of the monohydroxylated derivatives had an inhibitory effect, the di- and tri-hydroxylated ones did not. The methoxylated(More)