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Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is considered a crucial mediator of the cellular response to hypoxia through its regulation of genes that control angiogenesis. It represents an attractive therapeutic target in colon cancer, one of the few tumor types that shows a clinical response to antiangiogenic therapy. But it is unclear whether inhibition of HIF-1(More)
Iron is an essential metal for the body, while excess iron accumulation causes organ dysfunction through the production of reactive oxygen species. There is a sophisticated balance of body iron metabolism of storage and transport, which is regulated by several factors including the newly identified peptide hepcidin. As there is no passive excretory(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Although branch duct intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas without mural nodules are frequently observed in asymptomatic subjects, the natural history of these lesions has never been studied. The aim of this study was to elucidate the natural history of branch duct IPMNs without mural nodules. METHODS(More)
We investigated the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and the role of PPARgamma in cell growth in human gastric cancer cells. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Northern blot and Western blot analyses showed that a human gastric cancer cell line, MKN45, expressed PPARgamma mRNA and protein. Luciferase(More)
Orexins are novel neuropeptides that are localized in neurons within the lateral hypothalamus and regulate feeding behavior. The lateral hypothalamus also plays an important role in the central regulation of gut function. We therefore hypothesized that orexins might be involved in the central control of gastric acid secretion. To address this question, we(More)
Syndecan-1 is a transmembrane heparansulfate proteoglycan which regulates cell-to-cell or cell-to-extracellular matrix interactions and may influence malignant cell behavior. We investigated the alterations of syndecan-1 expressions in colorectal cancers and analyzed the relationship between histological and clinical characteristics. Syndecan-1 protein(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To assess the prevalence of flat and depressed (F&D) colorectal adenomas in the United States, we performed a prospective study of 211 American patients. METHODS Dye-assisted colonoscopy was performed in the presence of both an American and a Japanese investigator. RESULTS F&D lesions were found in 22.7% of patients, and these were(More)
BACKGROUND Flat and depressed nonpolypoid types of colorectal tumors have drawn much attention. Since endoscopic mucosal resection technique is available, it is of great importance to distinguish intramucosal carcinoma from invasive carcinoma because determination of the invasion depth is essential for choosing this therapy. The usefulness of high-frequency(More)
BACKGROUND EMR and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are used frequently to remove colon neoplasms. However, the predominance of these procedures has not yet been thoroughly explored. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and adverse events related to EMR with those related to ESD for colon neoplasms. DESIGN A meta-analysis of 8 studies published(More)
To identify predictive molecular markers for gemcitabine resistance, we investigated changes in the expression of four genes associated with gemcitabine transport and metabolism during the development of acquired gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer cell lines. The expression levels of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT1),(More)