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The ability of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) to diagnose brain tumors was investigated using in vitro high-resolution spectra. Fifty-eight surgically excised samples of brain tumors (12 glioblastomas, 4 anaplastic astrocytomas, 6 astrocytomas, 12 meningiomas, 6 neurinomas, 4 chordomas, 3 craniopharyngiomas, 2 pituitary adenomas, 2(More)
Ultrasonography showed a hypoechoic mass in the head of the pancreas, and endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) showed localized stenosis of the pancreatic duct in the head of the pancreas. Computed tomography (CT) showed enlargement, with a capsule-like rim, in the head of the pancreas. Internal biliary tube drainage was performed to relieve the(More)
The disturbance of vitamin D metabolism plays an important role in determining the clinical presentation of hyperthyroidism. We studied 72 patients (65 women, 7 men) with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Clinical presentation, biochemical indices, and bone mineral density (BMD) were compared in three patient groups classified according to their serum(More)
Water-soluble metabolites extracted from 20 astrocytic tumors (11 glioblastomas, 3 anaplastic astrocytomas, and 6 low-grade astrocytomas) and four normal brains were measured qualitatively and quantitatively using in vitro high-resolution proton magnetic resonance (1H-MR) spectroscopy. MR spectra from tumors exhibited characteristic patterns according to(More)
We evaluated the efficacy of preoperative high-resolution ultrasonography (US) for diagnosing possible concomitant thyroid disease which affects the surgical management in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). One hundred and nine patients with sporadic pHPT underwent US with or without ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB).(More)
Phosphorylethanolamine (PEA) is the major component of the phosphomonoester peak detected by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy, but the absolute concentration has not been determined. This study measured the PEA concentration in biopsy specimens of brain tumors and lobectomized cerebral cortex using high-performance liquid chromatography. The(More)
Mature cystic teratomas are found often in gonadal sites, but rarely in extragonadal sites, such as the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, central nerve system, lung, and liver. To our knowledge, only seven cases of pathologically benign mature cystic teratoma originating in the diaphragm have been reported. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman found to(More)
We report here our study of the role of natural host defense mechanisms mediated by macrophages and natural killer (NK) cells in an experimental model of spontaneous pulmonary metastases of a mammary adenocarcinoma SST-2 in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with congenital T-cell depression. To activate macrophages and NK cells, Listeria monocytogenes(More)
To investigate the relationship between oxidative stress and gastric carcinogenesis of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in young patients, we analyzed the surgically resected specimens of 22 young patients (21-30 years) and 29 older patients (41-72 years) with intramucosal gastric cancer of the poorly differentiated type. We used immunohistochemical(More)
A subset of colorectal cancers (CRCs) harbor the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP), with concurrent multiple promoter hypermethylation of tumor-related genes. A serrated pathway in which CIMP is developed from serrated polyps is proposed. The present study characterized CIMP and morphologically examined precursor lesions of CIMP. In total, 104 CRCs(More)