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Bacteria of the genus Wolbachia are among the most common endosymbionts in the world. In many insect species these bacteria induce a sperm-egg incompatibility between the gametes of infected males and uninfected females, commonly called unidirectional cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). It is generally believed that unidirectional CI cannot promote speciation(More)
Genotypic fitness landscapes are constructed by assessing the fitness of all possible combinations of a given number of mutations. In the last years, several experimental fitness landscapes have been completely resolved. As fitness landscapes are high-dimensional, simple measures of their structure are used as statistics in empirical applications. Epistasis(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 8, also known as androgen-induced growth factor, was originally isolated from an androgen-dependent mouse mammary Shionogi carcinoma SC-3 cell line, in which it was shown to have androgen-regulated properties. We previously demonstrated that Fgf 8 transcripts were detected in several human prostate and breast cancer cell lines(More)
This paper considers a dialog control strategy based on the reliability of speech recognition. The spoken dialog system using this strategy accepts an utterance of the user if the reliability is high, while it rejects the utterance and asks the user to speak again (the basic strategy), or conrms the content of the utterance if the reliability is low. The(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 8, also known as androgen-induced growth factor, was originally isolated from an androgen-dependent mouse mammary Shionogi carcinoma SC-3 cell line, in which it was shown to have androgen-regulated properties. We previously demonstrated that Fgf 8 transcripts were detected in several human prostate and breast cancer cell lines(More)
With this algorithm, the uncertainties are reduced to within 3 m. Still, comparison between the corrected TOPSAR DEMs shows an average periodic height discrepancy along the cross-track direction of about 5 m. Simulation results show that this might have been caused by multipath from an object near one of the INSAR antennas. Careful examination of the(More)
We investigated the potential of natural occurring antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid to prevent hypertension and hypertensive tissue injury induced by deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) and salt in rats. Two weeks after the start of DOCA-salt treatment, the rats were given alpha-lipoic acid (10 or 100 mg/kg/day, s.c.) or its vehicle for 2 weeks.(More)
This paper proposes and analyzes mathematically an interactive strategy to recover from misrecognition of utterances including multiple information items through a short conversation with a speaker. First the speech rec-ognizer in a dialogue system recognizes an utterance and evaluates the reliability of each item contained in it. The dialogue system(More)
BACKGROUND There are many reports of incompletely glycosylated O-linked oligosaccharides on the IgA1 hinge region in certain IgA nephropathy patients. In addition, other reports have noted a relationship between tonsillectomy and IgA nephropathy. METHODS Immunoglobulins from extracts of tonsillectomized tissue and other sources were analysed by(More)