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Bacteria of the genus Wolbachia are among the most common endosymbionts in the world. In many insect species these bacteria induce a sperm-egg incompatibility between the gametes of infected males and uninfected females, commonly called unidirectional cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). It is generally believed that unidirectional CI cannot promote speciation(More)
Genetic influx into a population often does not correspond to the real migration rate (m) of individuals, due to class structure within the population. The effective migration rate (m(e)) is a concept to measure gene flow in such a situation. The ratio of the effective migration rate to the real migration rate (m(e)/m) is called the gene flow factor, and(More)
A 68-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with left intermittent claudication. Computed tomography showed soft tissue masses surrounding the left iliac artery and in the bilateral pulmonary hilum, and the first FDG PET showed increased FDG uptake by the lesions. Retroperitoneal fibrosis associated with mediastinal fibrosis was most suspected. An open(More)
Dispersal and dormancy are two strategies that allow recolonization of empty patches and escape from kin competition. Because they presumably respond to similar evolutionary forces, it is tempting to consider that these strategies may substitute for each other. Yet in order to predict the outcome of the evolution of dispersal and dormancy, and to(More)
Genotypic fitness landscapes are constructed by assessing the fitness of all possible combinations of a given number of mutations. In the last years, several experimental fitness landscapes have been completely resolved. As fitness landscapes are high-dimensional, simple measures of their structure are used as statistics in empirical applications. Epistasis(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 8, also known as androgen-induced growth factor, was originally isolated from an androgen-dependent mouse mammary Shionogi carcinoma SC-3 cell line, in which it was shown to have androgen-regulated properties. We previously demonstrated that Fgf 8 transcripts were detected in several human prostate and breast cancer cell lines(More)
INTRODUCTION The most common cause of central pontine myelinolysis is an overly rapid correction of hyponatremia, although it can also occur in patients with any condition leading to nutritional or electrolyte stress. We report a case of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with central pontine myelinolysis developing at the onset of disease. To the best of our(More)
BACKGROUND Various surgical techniques have been proposed to treat small aortic annulus. We have used small-diameter mechanical valves for small aortic annulus. The present study examined aortic valve replacement with small diameter mechanical valves to determine their effectiveness. METHODS The study included 67 patients who underwent elective, isolated(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of measuring serum CEA, CA19-9, and CYFRA 21-1 levels for the diagnosis and monitoring of bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS Serum levels of CEA, CA19-9, and CYFRA 21-1 were measured in 85 patients with bladder cancer. The absolute level of each marker and the positive rate were compared with the clinical stage and(More)
The three-dimensional (3D) structure of bottromycin A(2), a natural anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and anti-vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) agent consisting of seven amino acids, has been investigated through NMR spectroscopy. On the basis of 57 experimental constraints, a total of 34 converged structures were obtained. The(More)