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In clinical use, irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11; 7-ethyl-10-[4-(piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin), a novel antitumor agent, causes a relatively high incidence of severe forms of diarrhea. We investigated whether baicalin, an inhibitor of beta-glucuronidase, which deconjugates the glucuronide of the active metabolite of CPT-11, SN-38(More)
The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), also called cyclin, in human keratinocytes was examined by using the serum obtained from a SLE patient and a murine monoclonal antibody against PCNA/cyclin. In the normal epidermis, few of the nuclei were labeled with anti-PCNA/cyclin. This was in contrast to the positive nuclear staining seen in(More)
Fetal female urogenital anomalies are often difficult to evaluate by ultrasonography, especially in late gestation. We report a case of fetal hydrometrocolpos detected at 35 weeks of gestation. Ultrasonography revealed a large retrovesical septate hypoechogenic mass in the fetal abdomen, however the sonographic findings were inconclusive. Magnetic resonance(More)
The effects of conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) and high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFO) on intraalveolar expression of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene were studied in surfactant-depleted rabbits. After lung lavage with saline, 13 rabbits were administered either CMV (n = 6) or HFO (n = 7) for 1 h at an FiO2 of 1.0 and a(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Cellular differentiation of pulmonary hyperplasia has not been reported in human cases. The authors studied surfactant protein expression and ultrastructure of pulmonary epithelial cells in fetal hyperplastic lungs associated with congenital tracheal agenesis. METHODS The maturation of pulmonary epithelial cells was assessed by(More)
Dispase is a bacterial neutral protease which is obtained from the culture filtrate of Bacillus polymyxa. After 24-h treatment of the human skin with 500 and 1000 U/ml dispase, the epidermal sheet was easily peeled from the dermis, and its undersurface retained rete ridges. Electron microscopic observation showed that the basal surface was composed of cells(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of the accentuated melanization in café-au-lait macules (CALMs) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1; von Recklinghausen's disease) has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVES To clarify the mechanism involved in the hyperpigmentation of CALMs in NF1. METHODS Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse(More)
We report an infant girl with congenital alveolar adhesions and a cleft palate. The mucosal bands were resected the day after birth. Stretching exercises of the mandible improved the range of movement at the temporomandibular joint. Two weeks of therapy were required before full mouth opening was possible. Previously reported patients and theories of(More)
The sphingomyelin cycle is activated to accumulate ceramides in the process of epidermal differentiation. We found that sphingomyelin in the epidermis of 4 different murine strains gave three bands on TLC, the lower band containing alpha-hydroxypalmitic acid (C16h:0(alpha)). However, in the papillomas induced in the skin of SENCAR and SSIN mice by(More)
We investigated alterations of actin organization due to heat shock and recovery from the collapse in human epidermal keratinocytes. Exposure of keratinocytes to elevated temperature caused the rapid disintegration of actin filaments. With a heat-shock treatment at 45 degrees C for 10 min, actin filaments disappeared and granular actin was distributed(More)