Yutaka Ikeno

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sPLA(2)s (secretory phospholipases A(2)) belong to a broad and structurally diverse family of enzymes that hydrolyse the sn -2 ester bond of glycerophospholipids. We previously showed that a secreted fungal 15 kDa protein, named p15, as well as its orthologue from Streptomyces coelicolor (named Scp15) induce neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells at nanomolar(More)
Cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) require membrane depolarization or neurotrophic factors for their survival in vitro and undergo apoptosis when deprived of these survival-promoting stimuli. Here, we show that secretory phospholipases A(2)s (sPLA(2)s) rescue CGNs from apoptosis after potassium deprivation. The neurotrophic effect required the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of aging and caloric restriction (CR) on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and IGFBP-4 expression in the stomach and colon of male Fischer 344 rats. Stomach and colonic RNA were prepared from ad libitum (AL) fed or long-term CR rats. Stomach(More)
Endothelin(ET)-1 and big ET-1 caused potent and sustained constriction of isolated guinea pig bronchus. The response to ET-1 was enhanced by phosphoramidon in a simple dose-related manner (0.01-1000 microM), while the response to big ET-1 was enhanced at lower doses (0.01-0.1 microM) but was suppressed at higher doses (100-1000 microM) of phosphoramidon.(More)
Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) is a choline-containing naturally occurring derivative of sphingolipid involved in various biological processes. Here we show that SPC displays neurotrophic effects in cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) and in PC12 cells. When CGNs were cultured under non-depolarizing condition, they exhibited condensed and fragmented nuclei(More)
Cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) undergo apoptosis when deprived of depolarizing stimulation and provide an in vitro model system with which to study the effects of neurotrophic substances. Our previous results showed that secretory phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) protect CGNs from apoptotic cell death under the nondepolarizing condition. In this(More)
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