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OBJECTIVE Preoperative prognostic factors in bladder cancer patients have not been fully established. This study was undertaken to investigate preoperative prognostic factors, including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and to develop a novel prognostic factors-based risk stratification model for disease-specific survival (DSS) in bladder cancer(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the value of endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting the tumor site, tumor size, and disease extent in patients with localized prostate cancer. METHODS The MRI findings were compared with the histopathologic findings of radical prostatectomy specimens in 95 patients. RESULTS The histologic examination revealed 186(More)
OBJECTIVE In Japan, no study has compared the perioperative outcomes observed between robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) and open radical cystectomy (ORC). This study aimed at a prospective comparison of the perioperative outcomes between RARC and ORC performed by a single surgeon. METHODS Between 2008 and 2011, 26 bladder cancer patients underwent(More)
PURPOSE There have been several studies on the antitumor activity of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonists. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the AT1R antagonist candesartan in bladder cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN For the study in vitro, human bladder cancer cells (KU-19-19) were cultured with or without angiotensin II and(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the recurrence and progression in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder tumors who remained tumor-free for at least 5 years, which should assist in the development of schedules of their follow-up evaluations. Non-muscle-invasive bladder tumors that recur or progress at a late time point are not rare. METHODS Between 1985 and(More)
Several authors have investigated the antitumor activity of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonists, which are widely used as antihypertensive drugs. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the AT1R antagonist candesartan against bladder cancer. For the study in vitro, human bladder cancer cells (KU-19-19) were cultured with and without(More)
PURPOSE KU7 is a popular urothelial carcinoma cell line that was isolated from the bladder of a patient at Keio University in 1980. It has subsequently been widely used in laboratories around the world. We describe how routine cell line authentication revealed that KU7 was cross contaminated almost 30 years ago with HeLa, a cervical carcinoma cell line. (More)
We have synthesized and explored the feasibility of using a novel nuclear factor (NF) kappaB inhibitor, a dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin designated as DHMEQ, against prostate cancer. The activity of NFkappaB, evaluated by transient transfection of a luciferase reporter DNA containing a specific binding sequence for NFkappaB, was inhibited by DHMEQ in three(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the prognostic significance of the serum levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in patients with prostate cancer. Serum IL-6 levels were measured in 74 patients with prostate cancer. The tumor was stage B in 23 patients, stage C in 14 patients, and stage D in 37 patients. Prognostic significance of tumor histology,(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the prognostic impact of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and traditional prognostic factors for survival in a large series of patients treated surgically for upper tract transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). We also developed a prognostic factors-based model for risk stratification of upper tract TCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS We identified(More)