Yutaka Homma

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Extracellular and intracellular recordings were carried out from neurons in the region of the pontine reticular formation at the transition between the nucleus reticularis pontis oralis and caudalis, and in the pontis caudalis. Responses were studied after stimulation of the mesopontine cholinergic pedunculopontine nucleus in precollicular-postmammillary(More)
Much of the controversy surrounding the induction of locomotion following stimulation of mesopontine sites, including the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN), appears based on procedural differences, including stimulus onset, delay preceding stepping, and frequency of stimuli. The results reviewed in this chapter address these issues and provide novel(More)
An intrinsic function of the reticular activating system (RAS) is its participation in fight vs. flight responses such that alerting stimuli simultaneously activate thalamocortical systems, as well as postural and locomotor systems, in order to enable an appropriate response. The P50 midlatency auditory-evoked potential appears to be an ascending(More)
Stimulation of the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) is known to induce changes in arousal and postural/locomotor states. Previously, PPN stimulation was reported to induce prolonged responses (PRs) in extracellularly recorded PnC neurons in the decerebrate cat. The present study used intracellular recordings in semihorizontal slices from rat brain stem(More)
The percent of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep decreases dramatically between 10 and 30 days postnatally in the rat. The pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) is known to modulate waking and REM sleep. We recorded intracellularly from 127 neurons in the PPN in 12-21-day rat brainstem slices maintained in warmed, oxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid. We(More)
The P13 mid-latency auditory evoked potential in Rat is a sleep state-dependent response thought to be equivalent to the human P50 potential, a measure of the output of the reticular activating system. The amplitude of these potentials can be considered a measure of level of arousal, while, using a paired stimulus paradigm, the degree of habituation of the(More)
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