Learn More
The gain of the vertical vestibuloocular reflex (VVOR), defined as eye velocity/head velocity was adapted in squirrel monkeys by employing visual-vestibular mismatch stimuli. VVOR gain, measured in the dark, could be trained to values between 0.4 and 1.5. Single-unit activity of vertical zone Purkinje cells was recorded from the flocculus and ventral(More)
In order to elucidate the mechanism of the pupillary control system, the internal property of the pupillary muscle plant, as well as the autonomic nervous input to the muscle plant, must be analyzed. In this study, we approach the problem first by constructing a new homeomorphic biomechanical model for the human pupillary muscle plant (forward dynamic(More)
In order to examine the relationship between the Bergmann glial cells and the migrating granule cells, the postnatal development of the Bergmann glial cells in the rat cerebellum was analysed by a rapid Golgi method. In newborn rats where immature Purkinje cells occupied a rather thick zone (about 8 cells thick) between the thin molecular layer and the(More)
The claustrum of the cat is basically composed of 4 classes of neuron. Class I is a rather small neuron (less than 10 mu in diameter) and is provided with rather few cytoplasmic organelles, while Class IV, large (25-30 mu), neuron possesses an abundance of them. Class II, medium-sized (15-20 mu), neuron and fusiform Class III neuron (about 15 X 25 mu)(More)
Motor systems are under a continuous adaptive process to maintain behavior throughout developmental changes and disease, a process called motor learning. Simple behaviors with easily measurable inputs and outputs are best suited to understand the neuronal signals that contribute to the required motor learning. Considering simple behaviors, the(More)
In order to examine the relationship between the Bergmann glial cells and the migrating granule cells, the development of the Bergmann glial cells in the rat cerebellum was studied with 3H-thymidine autoradiography. 3H-thymidine was injected intraperitoneally into rats on two days successively between days 2 and 21 of the postnatal age (PD2 and PD21). All(More)
The vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) motor learning can be induced chronically by wearing lenses for several weeks to months, or acutely by visual-vestibular mismatch for several hours. Cerebellar long term depression (LTD) has been proposed as a causal mechanism for acute learning. We demonstrate differences in retention of acutely and chronically acquired VOR(More)
Squirrel monkeys were trained using newly developed visual-vestibular mismatch paradigms to test the asymmetrical simultaneous induction of vertical vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) gain changes in opposite directions (high and low) either in the upward and downward directions or in response to high- and low-frequency stimuli. The first paradigm consists of(More)
SUMMARY This paper proposes a noninvasive method for estimating autonomic nervous activity from changes in dynamic parameters of a pupillary flash response. Our method is derived based on an analysis that clarifies the relationship between the autonomic nervous activity and the dynamic parameters using the human pupillary muscle plant model developed in our(More)
The medulla contains central chemosensitive cells important for the maintenance of blood gas and pH homeostasis. To identify the intrinsic chemosensitive cells, we measured responses of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) and H(+) ([H(+)](i)), and membrane potential of rat primary-cultured medullary cells to 6-s exposure to acidosis. The cells showed(More)