Yutaka Hirata

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The gain of the vertical vestibuloocular reflex (VVOR), defined as eye velocity/head velocity was adapted in squirrel monkeys by employing visual-vestibular mismatch stimuli. VVOR gain, measured in the dark, could be trained to values between 0.4 and 1.5. Single-unit activity of vertical zone Purkinje cells was recorded from the flocculus and ventral(More)
We have identified a novel epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeat-containing single-pass transmembrane protein that is specifically expressed in the developing and mature central nervous system. Sequence analysis revealed that the 10 EGF-like repeats in the extracellular domain are closely related to those of the developmentally important receptor Notch(More)
The vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) motor learning can be induced chronically by wearing lenses for several weeks to months, or acutely by visual-vestibular mismatch for several hours. Cerebellar long term depression (LTD) has been proposed as a causal mechanism for acute learning. We demonstrate differences in retention of acutely and chronically acquired VOR(More)
Most excitable cells maintain tight control of intracellular Ca(2+) through coordinated interaction between plasma membrane and endoplasmic or sarcoplasmic reticulum. Quiescent sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release machinery is essential for the survival and normal function of skeletal muscle. Here we show that subtle membrane deformations induce Ca(2+)(More)
The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) comprises an outstanding system to perform studies that probe possible cerebellar roles in motor learning. Novel VOR gains can be induced (learned) by the wearing of minifying or magnifying lenses, and learning requires the presence of the cerebellum. Previously, it was shown that Purkinje cells change their head velocity(More)
Motor systems are under a continuous adaptive process to maintain behavior throughout developmental changes and disease, a process called motor learning. Simple behaviors with easily measurable inputs and outputs are best suited to understand the neuronal signals that contribute to the required motor learning. Considering simple behaviors, the(More)
A previously reported cytoplasmic male sterility-associated fragment was detected in chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and sequenced in the mitochondria of a sterile plant. This fragment, 16 kb in size, contains two common mitochondrial genes, coxII and atp6-2, and the newly detected gene orf456, which appears to be a strong candidate gene for the male(More)
To prevent self-fertilization, apple has a gametophytic self-incompatibility mechanism, part of a widespread intraspecific system, that is controlled by a multi-allelic locus. This attribute has been exploited in breeding programs for new cultivars. Likewise, many apple orchards depend on artificial pollination. Therefore, molecular analysis and early(More)
Junctophilin (JP) mediates the close contact between cell surface and intracellular membranes in muscle cells ensuring efficient excitation-contraction coupling. Here we demonstrate that disruption of triad junction structure formed by the transverse tubular (TT) invagination of plasma membrane and terminal cisternae of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) by(More)
In order to elucidate the mechanism of the pupillary control system, the internal property of the pupillary muscle plant, as well as the autonomic nervous input to the muscle plant, must be analyzed. In this study, we approach the problem first by constructing a new homeomorphic biomechanical model for the human pupillary muscle plant (forward dynamic(More)