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Differentiation and survival of neurons induced by neurotrophins have been widely investigated, but little has been reported about the long-term effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on synaptic transmission. Among many steps of neurotransmission, one important step is regulated release of transmitters. Therefore, the release of glutamate and(More)
Neogenesis of lymphatic vessel and lymphatic invasion is frequently found in the stroma of cancers, but the mechanisms of this phenomenon remain unclear. Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) is known to be the only growth factor for the lymphatic vascular system, and its receptor has been identified as Flt4. To clarify the mechanism of lymphatic(More)
We studied the effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on seizure susceptibility in rats. rTMS of 1000 pulses at 0.5 Hz led to a prolonged latency for seizure development after an intraperitoneal injection of pentylenetetrazol. The rTMS effectively prevented the development of status epilepticus of(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a C-type lectin involved in the first line of host defense against pathogens and it requires MBL-associated serine protease (MASP) for activation of the complement lectin pathway. To elucidate the origin and evolution of MBL, MBL-like lectin was isolated from the plasma of a urochordate, the solitary ascidian Halocynthia(More)
We have cloned and characterized LATS2, a novel mammalian homologue of the Drosophila tumor suppressor gene lats/warts. Northern blot analysis showed ubiquitous expression of mouse LATS2 (MmLATS2) mRNA, whereas expression of human LATS2 (HsLATS2) mRNA was enhanced in skeletal muscle and heart. Immunoblotting analysis of fractionated cell lysates showed(More)
Collectins are C-type animal lectins with both collagenous and carbohydrate recognition domains and are involved in the first line host defense against pathogens. We report here a novel Ca(2+)-dependent and GlcNAc-binding lectin consisting of subunits of 35 kDa (P35) with a collagen-like sequence. When P35 is isolated from human serum, it forms a(More)
IgM is the first antibody to be produced in a humoral immune response and plays an important role in the primary stages of immunity. Here we describe a mouse Fc receptor, designated Fc alpha/microR, and its human homolog, that bind both IgM and IgA with intermediate or high affinity. Fc alpha/microR is constitutively expressed on the majority of B(More)
Current cell-free protein synthesis systems can synthesize proteins with high speed and accuracy, but produce only a low yield because of their instability over time. Here we describe the preparation of a highly efficient but also robust cell-free system from wheat embryos. We first investigated the source of the instability of existing systems in light of(More)
We previously cloned a novel human lectin, designated P35, with both collagen-like and fibrinogen-like domains. P35 recognizes GlcNAc residues and is opsonic toward microorganisms. The overall structure of P35 closely resembles those of two pig ficolins that are putative TGF-beta 1-binding proteins. In this study, we analyzed the exon-intron structure and(More)
The pharmacokinetics of YM-64227 (4-cyclohexyl-1-ethyl-7-methylpyrido[2,3-d]-pyrimidine-2-(1H)-one), a novel and selective phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor, was characterized in beagle dogs. Based on the plasma parent drug to major hydroxylated metabolite ratio, 21 dogs were phenotyped as 16 extensive metabolizers (EM) and five poor metabolizers (PM).(More)