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In the mapping of DNA markers the distortion of segregation of marker genotypes is often observed, which may be caused by a lethal factor acting in filial generations derived from distant crosses. A method is presented for estimating the recombination values between a lethal factor locus and neighboring molecular markers, and the relative viability or(More)
In this paper, we report on the design, redox potentials, excited state energies and radical ion pair state energies in electron donor-acceptor conjugates comprising the electron-donating π-extended tetrathiafulvalene and several electron-accepting fullerenes. To this end, we contrast an empty fullerene, that is, C₆₀, with two endohedral metallofullerenes,(More)
The control of ion transport across cell membranes by light is an attractive strategy that allows targeted, fast control of precisely defined events in the biological membrane. Here we report a novel general strategy for the control of membrane potential and ion transport by using charge-separation molecules and light. Delivery of charge-separation(More)
Large π-conjugated compounds are promising building blocks for organic thin-film electronics such as organic light-emitting diodes, organic field-effect transistors, and organic photovoltaics. Utilization of porphyrins and phthalocyanines for this purpose is highly fascinating because of their excellent electric, photophysical, and electrochemical(More)
Electron donor-acceptor conjugates of paramagnetic endohedral metallofullerenes and π-extended tetrathiafulvalene (exTTF) were synthesized, characterized, and probed with respect to intramolecular electron transfer involving paramagnetic fullerenes. UV-vis-NIR absorption spectroscopy complemented by electrochemical measurements attested to weak electronic(More)
Stable donor-acceptor conjugates (2, 3) involving an endohedral metallofullerene, La(2)@I(h)-C(80), and pi-extended tetrathiafulvalene (exTTF) have been synthesized by highly regioselective 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of exTTF-containing azomethine ylides to the endofullerene, yielding exclusively [5,6] metallofulleropyrrolidines with C(1) symmetry in high(More)
Endohedral metallofullerenes are promising materials in biomedical and material sciences. In particular, they are of interest as agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), photovoltaic devices, and semimetallic components. The synthesis of chiral endofullerenes represents one step further in the potential use of these carbon allotropes; however, this step(More)
Since the first discovery of fullerenes in 1985, the insertion of one or more atoms into a hollow fullerene cage has been attempted. Furthermore, synthesis and extraction of metallofullerene, La@C(n), were reported in 1991. Recent successful isolation and purification of metallofullerenes have facilitated the investigation of their chemical properties. This(More)