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Plant-dwelling mites are potentially exposed to solar ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation that causes deleterious and often lethal effects, leading most mites to inhabit the lower (underside) leaf surfaces. However, in species of spider mite belonging to the Genus Panonychus, a substantial portion of individuals occur on upper leaf surfaces. We investigated(More)
Noncoding small RNAs are involved in transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene regulation of target mRNAs by modulating mRNA elongation, stability, or translational efficiency. Many natural trans-encoded small RNAs contain a scaffold that allows binding of the RNA chaperone protein Hfq for conditional gene regulation. Here, we improved the gene(More)
The spatial distribution of the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch is biased toward the lower surfaces of leaves as compared with the upper leaf surfaces on their host plants. Because of the deleterious effects of solar ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, we hypothesized T. urticae remains on lower leaf surfaces as an adaptation to avoid solar UV(More)
where Y u,d are 3× 3 complex matrices, φ is the Higgs field, i, j are generation labels, and is the 2× 2 antisymmetric tensor. QL are left-handed quark doublets, and dR and uR are right-handed downand up-type quark singlets, respectively, in the weak-eigenstate basis. When φ acquires a vacuum expectation value, 〈φ〉 = (0, v/√2), Eq. (11.1) yields mass terms(More)
Solar ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation has deleterious effects on plant-dwelling mites. We assessed the biological effects of UVB radiation on the eggs of the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, under both near ambient (UV+) and UV-attenuated (UV−) conditions from spring to autumn and compared them to the effects of temperature and humidity. The(More)
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that is benign in most cases. Although SFT was first recognized to arise only in the pleura, recent reports indicate that SFT can involve a wide range of anatomical sites. To date, 17 cases of pelvic SFT have been reported. Herein is reported a case of a 74-year-old woman with a giant malignant(More)
Cyanobacteria are attractive host bacteria for biofuel production because they can covert CO2 to biofuel lipids using only sunlight, water, and inorganic ions. For genetically engineering an ideal cyanobacterium, a synthetic biological approach is promising but few genetic components have been characterized in cyanobacteria. Here for controlling(More)
The determination of HER2 amplification is critical to selecting appropriate patients for HER2 targeted therapy in breast cancer. Dual in situ hybridization (DISH), an alternative to fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry, is now available. To compare the FISH and DISH methods, we tested 251 samples enriched for common or(More)
Bacterial RecA plays a central role in DNA repair and regulation of the SOS response to DNA damage, and has been suggested as a new antibiotic drug target. To develop a new tool to study RecA function, we engineered artificial small RNAs (sRNAs) that can posttranscriptionally repress RecA expression in Escherichia coli. The artificial sRNAs mimic the(More)