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Two distinct classes of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are spreading in hospitals (as hospital-acquired MRSA, HA-MRSA) and in the community (as community-acquired MRSA, CA-MRSA). Multilocus sequence type (ST) 239 MRSA, one of the most worldwide-disseminated lineages, has been noted as a representative HA-MRSA. Here, we isolated ST239(More)
Transport protocol such as RTP and TFRC take control of sending rate by feedback-controls which measure RTT, packet loss rate, etc. On wireless LANs, the communication condition changes drastically when a node hands over from an idle access point to a congested one. However, the node keeps measured values after the handover. Because of this, the node may(More)
Comprehensive experimental resources, such as ORFeome clone libraries and deletion mutant collections, are fundamental tools for elucidation of gene function. Data sets by omics analysis using these resources provide key information for functional analysis, modeling and simulation both in individual and systematic approaches. With the long-term goal of(More)
Comprehensive experimental resources, such as ORFeome clone libraries and deletion mutant collections, are fundamental tools for elucidation of gene function. Data sets by omics analysis using these resources provide key information for functional analysis, modeling and simulation both in individual and systematic approaches. With the longterm goal of(More)
E. coli has been a critically important model research organism for more than 50 years, particularly in molecular biology. In 1997, the E. coli draft genome sequence was published. Post-genomic techniques and resources were then developed that allowed E. coli to become a model organism for systems biology. Progress made since publication of the E. coli(More)
Here we describe the systematic identification of single genes and gene pairs, whose knockout causes lethality in Escherichia coli K-12. During construction of precise single-gene knockout library of E. coli K-12, we identified 328 essential gene candidates for growth in complex (LB) medium. Upon establishment of the Keio single-gene deletion library, we(More)
The effect of high humidity on the pharmaceutical properties of direct compression tablets containing theophylline anhydrate (TA) was investigated to prepare high quality pharmaceuticals. A mixed powder (230 mg) containing the TA, β-lactose anhydrate, microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and magnesium stearate was compressed in a die by 8-mm diameter punches(More)
We report the effects of dry mechanochemical synthesis conditions on the crystallization of caffeine (CA) and oxalic acid (OX) 2:1 cocrystal. CA anhydrate and OX dihydrate were grinded at various temperatures, rotation speeds, and grinding time. The cocrystal was also synthesized by an organic solvent evaporation method, as a reference. The produced samples(More)
We propose an approach for the simultaneous determination of multiple components in pharmaceutical mixed powder based on powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) method coupled with chemometrics. Caffeine anhydrate, acetaminophen and lactose monohydrate were mixed at various ratios. The samples were analyzed by PXRD method in the ranges of 2θ=5.00-30.0 and 35.0-45.0(More)