Yuta Okamura

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By employing anti-tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) serum, the ontogenesis of hypothalamic dopamine (DA) neurons was immunohistochemically examined with special attention to the medial basal hypothalamic area. DA neurons first appeared in the lateral hypothalamic walls on day 13.5 of gestation and in the anterior periventricular region and arcuate nucleus on day(More)
Using an anti-pro-thyrotrophic hormone-releasing hormone (TRH) serum for immunohistochemical analysis, we examined the ontogenesis of TRH-producing neurons in the rat diencephalon, and distinguished three waves in the neurogenesis corresponding to the time and place of their origin. The first wave started on day 12.5 of embryonic age (E12.5); the neurons(More)
The ontogenesis of immunoreactive (ir) ACTH cells and ir alpha-MSH cells in rat hypothalamus was studied in vivo and in vitro. Ir ACTH cells first appeared in the neuroepithelial cell layer lining the floor of the third ventricle on Day 13.5 of gestation, whereas ir alpha-MSH first appeared in the cytoplasm of several ir ACTH cells in the basal part of the(More)
In order to clarify the in situ shape of axons, the entire shape of freeze-substituted axons (FS axons) was compared with that of chemically-fixed axons (CF axons) using the serial semi-thin section method coupled with rapid freezing technique. Mouse saphenous nerves were rapidly frozen by being contacted against a pure copper block cooled to 4 K by liquid(More)
The development of the hypothalamic LHRH-containing neuron system was immunohistochemically investigated in vivo and in tissue transplantation using rat embryos aged from 12.5 to 17.5 days of gestation. The sera used were generated against rat gonadotropic hormone-releasing hormone-associated peptide (28-56) (rGAP) and LHRH. Immunoreaction for rGAP was(More)
The ontogenesis of immunoreactive (ir) LHRH neurons was investigated in rats applying the double-bridge PAP method of Vacca et al. (J. Histochem. Cytochem. 28, 297-307, 1980). Ir LHRH was first evident in the cell bodies confined in the ventromedial surface of the anterior part of the forebrain vesicles on day 16.5 of gestation. Only one or two cells, if(More)
Serum and urinary concentrations of methimazole (MMI) were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with an electrochemical detector (ECD) in 10 normal subjects and 43 hyperthyroid patients after intravenous and oral administration of the drug. The pharmacokinetic parameters of MMI were estimated in 5 normal subjects and 15 hyperthyroid(More)
The anlages of the medial-basal hypothalamus (MBH), septopreoptic area (POA), Rathke's pouch, and the parietal cortex (CC) of rats (at 12.5, 14.5 and 16.5 days of gestation) were transplanted singly or in combination into the third ventricle of adult female rats, and the development of neurons in the grafts was investigated immunohistochemically with the(More)
We examined the presence of factor(s) in the embryonic medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) that may influence nasal placode (NAP)-derived luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons in determining their secretory phenotype. In this study, we performed organotypic culture and transplantation of the NAP from 12.5-day-old embryos of rats and vomeronasal(More)
Immunoreactive substance P (ir SP)-containing neurons were examined in rat hypothalamus. In untreated males, few if any ir perikarya were found in the arcuate nucleus, but after intraventricular colchicine administration, many appeared not only in the arcuate nucleus but also in the premammillary region, posterior hypothalamic, ventromedial, dorsomedial,(More)