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Prosaposin is the precursor for saposins A, B, C, and D, which are small lysosomal proteins required for the hydrolysis of sphingolipids by specific lysosomal hydrolases. With a monospecific anti-saposin C antibody, which cross-reacts with prosaposin but not with saposin A, B, or D, the present immunoblot experiments showed that the rat brain expresses an(More)
Prosaposin, the protein precursor of saposins A, B, C, and D which activate sphingolipid hydrolases, is abundant in several brain regions including the hippocampus. We infused prosaposin continuously for 7 days into the lateral ventricle of gerbils starting 3 hours before 3-min of forebrain ischemia. Using the step-down passive avoidance task, we(More)
Neuroendocrine abnormality of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis was investigated in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated dogs as a model of Parkinson's disease. Blood samples were collected every 4 h for 3-4 days before MPTP treatment, around 2 and 4 weeks after the treatment of MPTP (2.5 mg/kg). Adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH) and(More)
A simple and sensitive gas-chromatographic method for the determination of N-acetyl-L-aspartic acid (NA-Asp), N-acetyl-alpha-aspartylglutamic acid (NA-Asp-Glu) and beta-citryl-L-glutamic acid (beta-CG) was developed. The organ, regional and phylogenetic distributions of these compounds were studied. NA-Asp and NA-Asp-Glu were highly concentrated in nervous(More)
A sensitive and specific method for determining three forms of methylarginine, i.e., NG-monomethylarginine, NG,NG-dimethylarginine, and NG,N'G-dimethylarginine, in mammalian tissues was developed. After partial purification by ion-exchange chromatography, the methylarginines were derivatized to phenylthiocarbamyl compounds and quantitatively determined(More)
Isoaspartyl protein carboxyl methyltransferase (PIMT) is widely distributed in mammalian tissues. Using a polymerase chain reaction-generated 124-bp DNA fragment from brain cDNA as a probe, four different sizes (approximately 4.0, 2.5, 1.7, and 1.1 kb) of transcripts were detected with northern blot analysis. They were expressed predominantly in rat brain(More)
Administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) to dogs produces clinical, pathological and neurological features in dog resembling human Parkinson's disease. Using this animal model, we studied the changes in diurnal rhythms of urine volume, creatinine in urine, and vasopressin, aldosterone and renin activity in plasma. Before MPTP(More)