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The health effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have not been well investigated, despite AgNPs now being widely used in consumer products. We investigated the metabolic behavior and toxicity of AgNPs in comparison to silver nitrate (AgNO3) both in vivo and in vitro. AgNPs (20 nm diameter) suspended in 1% albumin solution or AgNO3 solution was injected(More)
Tanycytes are located in the basolateral walls of the third ventricle. By light- and electron-microscopic immunohistochemistry, we demonstrated that the tanycytes of Djungarian hamsters were intensely immunostained with the vimentin monoclonal antibody V9. The cells always extended long radial processes in which aggregations of vimentin-immunoreactive(More)
Mice deficient in neurogenin 3 (Ngn3) fail to generate pancreatic endocrine cells and intestinal endocrine cells. Hypothalamic neuropeptides implicated in the control of energy homeostasis might also be affected in Ngn3 homozygous null mutant mice. We investigated the expression of two prominent orexigenic neuropeptides, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and(More)
The cranial neural crest cells contribute extensively to the formation of skeletogenic mesenchyme in the head and neck. Hes1 functions as a repressor of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors and is implicated in controlling the maintenance of undifferentiated cells and the timing of cell differentiation. We show here that Hes1 homozygous null mutant(More)
The hypophyseal pars tuberalis surrounds the median eminence and infundibular stalk of the hypothalamus as thin layers of cells. The pars tuberalis expresses MT1 melatonin receptor and participates in mediating the photoperiodic secretion of pituitary hormones. Both the rostral tip of Rathke's pouch (pars tuberalis primordium) and the pars tuberalis(More)
The beta subunits of the two pituitary gonadotropins LH and FSH and of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were cloned from Australian lungfish (Neoceratodus forsteri) pituitary glands. These three glycoprotein hormone beta subunits possess the main characteristics common to their counterparts in other vertebrates. Taking advantage of the phylogenetic(More)
Mice with a targeted deletion of the Hoxa3 gene have defects of derivatives of the third branchial arch and pouch. To address the role of the Hoxa3 gene in parathyroid organogenesis, we examined the third pharyngeal pouch development by immunohistochemistry (IHC) using the secretory protein (SP)-1/chromogranin A antiserum, which recognizes the parathyroid(More)
Silver (Ag) possesses antibacterial activity and has been used in wound dressings and deodorant powders worldwide. However, the metabolic behavior and biological roles of Ag in mammals have not been well characterized. In the present study, we exposed human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) to AgNO3 and investigated uptake and intracellular distribution(More)
To clarify whether the common alpha-subunit of glycoprotein hormones is involved in photic signal transduction, alpha-subunit mRNA levels in the pars tuberalis (PT) of both hamsters and chickens were estimated at different time points of the day/night cycle by laser capture microdissection (LCM) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR).(More)
Silver (Ag) possesses a well-known antibacterial activity and has been used for medical treatment and cosmetics such as wound dressing and deodorant powders. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) proposed that the permissible exposure limit (PEL) for both metallic and most soluble Ag compounds(More)