Learn More
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are universal signal transduction pathways in eukaryotic cells. In tobacco, two MAPK, wound-induced protein kinase (WIPK) and salicylic acid (SA)-induced protein kinase (SIPK), are activated by biotic and abiotic stresses. Both WIPK and SIPK positively regulate the biosynthesis of jasmonic acid (JA) or(More)
Recently, a novel matrix factorization, named non-negative matrix factorization (NMF), attracts much attention in the field of signal processing. A matrix with non-negative elements can be decomposed into a product of two matrices with non-negative elements by the NMF. One resulting matrix can be regarded as a basis matrix; and the other can be regarded as(More)
The C2-symmetric tetralin-fused 1,4-diiodo-1,3-butadiene derivatives, (Z,Z)-2,3-di(1-iodoalkylidene)tetralin 1a-c, are atropisomeric and can be resolved into the two persistent axially chiral enantiomers by HPLC on a chiral stationary phase. The enantiomerically pure compounds can serve as chiral organocatalysts for dearomatizing spirolactonization to show(More)
Nano-prober has the increasing importance for advanced semiconductor device process. Conventional SEM type Nano-prober face the problems, device degradation with electron bombardment and resolution limit. The AFM Nano-prober can work in air, so it is so easy to use for its operation. We report the new type AFM Nano-prober that applied the self-sensing type(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs/MPKs) are important factors in the regulation of signal transduction in response to biotic and abiotic stresses. Previously, we characterized a MAPK from tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum MPK4 (NtMPK4). Here, we found a highly homologous gene, NtMPK4-like (NtMPK4L), in tobacco as well as other species in Solanaceae and(More)
  • 1