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OBJECTIVE Crohn's disease (CD) is an intractable inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) of unknown cause. Recent meta-analysis of the genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and Immunochip data identified 163 susceptibility loci to IBD in Caucasians, however there are limited studies in other populations. METHODS We performed a GWAS and two validation studies in(More)
Thiopurine therapy, commonly used in autoimmune conditions, can be complicated by life-threatening leukopenia. This leukopenia is associated with genetic variation in TPMT (encoding thiopurine S-methyltransferase). Despite a lower frequency of TPMT mutations in Asians, the incidence of thiopurine-induced leukopenia is higher in Asians than in individuals of(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease (CD) is an intractable inflammatory bowel disease of unknown cause. Recent genome-wide association studies of CD in Korean and Japanese populations suggested marginal sharing of susceptibility loci between Caucasian and Asian populations. As the 7 identified loci altogether explain 5.31% of the risk for CD, the objective of this(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genome-wide association studies and meta-analyses have identified 47 susceptibility loci for ulcerative colitis (UC) in Caucasian populations. A previous genome-wide association study of UC in a Japanese population suggested marginal sharing of susceptibility loci between Caucasian and Asian populations. We performed a genome-wide(More)
PURPOSE We have recently reported that TC1(C8orf4), a small protein present in vertebrates, functions as a novel regulator of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway. TC1 up-regulates beta-catenin target genes that are implicated in the aggressive behavior of cancers. Our aim was to investigate the clinical and pathobiological relevance of TC1 in gastric cancer. (More)
Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) play crucial roles in immune regulation. TNF-alpha has been shown to be essential to the FDC network. However, the molecular regulation of FDC proliferation has not been characterized. Here, we show that TC1(C8orf4), a novel positive regulator of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway in vertebrates, is upregulated by IL-1beta and(More)
The expression profiling and molecular grouping of stomach cancers has been a challenging task because of their complexity and variation. We have analyzed gene expression profiles of 22 gastric cancer/nontumor mucosa couples using 14K cDNA microarray chips designed for gastric cancer analysis. Upon pairwise analysis of the individual couples at the false(More)
TRF2 is a ubiquitous protein that protects telomeres in the nucleus. We found that TRF2 was present at the peripheral nerve axons and the brain neuroglial cell processes extensively. It was in the cytoplasmic membrane as well as nuclear fractions, but not in the soluble cytoplasmic fraction of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. TRF2 was up-regulated in P19(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genome-wide association studies have identified over 40 candidate genes contributing to ulcerative colitis susceptibility. The goal of this study was to test the reported ulcerative colitis susceptibility genes including FCGR2A, SLC26A3, JAK2 and HNF4A in Korean patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. METHODS Five single(More)