Learn More
A DM-domain gene on the Y chromosome was identified as the sex-determining gene in the medaka, Oryzias latipes, and named DMY (also known as dmrt1bY). However, this gene is absent in most Oryzias fishes, suggesting that closely related species have another sex-determining gene. In fact, it has been demonstrated that the Y chromosome in O. dancena is not(More)
We conducted a polymerase chain reaction--restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to elucidate the detailed genetic population structure of Japanese wild populations of medaka, Oryzias latipes. The analysis of 1,225 specimens collected from 303 sites identified 67 mitotypes. Subsequently we(More)
Among the medaka fishes of the genus Oryzias, most species have homomorphic sex chromosomes, while some species, such as Oryzias hubbsi and Oryzias javanicus, have heteromorphic ZW sex chromosomes. In this study, a novel family of repetitive sequence was molecularly cloned from O. hubbsi and characterized by chromosome in situ and filter hybridization,(More)
Sex chromosomes harbour a primary sex-determining signal that triggers sexual development of the organism. However, diverse sex chromosome systems have been evolved in vertebrates. Here we use positional cloning to identify the sex-determining locus of a medaka-related fish, Oryzias dancena, and find that the locus on the Y chromosome contains a(More)
The medaka Oryzias latipes and its two sister species, O. curvinotus and O. luzonensis, possess an XX-XY sex-determination system. The medaka sex-determining gene DMY has been identified on the orthologous Y chromosome [O. latipes linkage group 1 (LG1)] of O. curvinotus. However, DMY has not been discovered in other Oryzias species. These results and(More)
Although the sex-determining gene DMY has been identified on the Y chromosome in the medaka (Oryzias latipes), this gene is absent in most Oryzias species, suggesting that closely related species have different sex-determining genes. Here, we investigated the sex-determination mechanism in O. dancena, which does not possess the DMY gene. Since heteromorphic(More)
Although the sex-determining gene DMY has been identified on the Y chromosome in the medaka, Oryzias latipes, this gene is absent in most Oryzias species. Recent comparative studies have demonstrated that, in the javanicus species group, Oryzias dancena and Oryzias minutillus have an XX/XY sex determination system, while Oryzias hubbsi has a ZZ/ZW system.(More)
We analyzed the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLPs) of the mitochondrial cytochrome b (cyt b) gene in wild populations of medaka from Korea and China. We surveyed 258 wild specimens from 75 different sites, and identified 17 mitotypes. Sequencing analysis of the complete cyt b gene (1141-bp) was subsequently(More)
The phylogenetic relationships among medaka fishes of 2 genera, Oryzias and Xenopoecilus, were studied using the nuclear tyrosinase and mitochondrial 12S and 16S rRNA genes. Of the 23 species currently described for these genera, 13 species of Oryzias and 2 species of Xenopoecilus were examined. The tree topologies obtained from the nuclear and(More)
A sex-determining gene, DMY, which is comparable to the SRY gene in mammals, has been identified in the medaka, Oryzias latipes. Although Oryzias curvinotus, a closely related species to O. latipes also has DMY, this gene has not been found in other Oryzias fishes. It has recently been demonstrated that the sex chromosomes of Oryzias dancena and Oryzias(More)