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Non-Audible Murmur (NAM) is an extremely soft whispered voice detected by a special body-conductive microphone called a NAM microphone. Although NAM is a promising medium for silent speech communication, its quality is significantly degraded by its faint volume and spectral changes caused by body-conductive recording. To improve the quality of NAM, several(More)
This paper presents a novel approach to suppressing adverse effects of external noise on body-conducted soft speech for silent speech communication in noisy environments. Nonaudible murmur (NAM) microphone as one of the body-conductive microphones is capable of detecting very soft speech. However, body-conducted soft speech easily suffers from external(More)
This paper presents a novel noise suppression method to enhance soft speech recorded with a special body-conductive microphone called nonaudible murmur (NAM) microphone. NAM microphone is capable of detecting extremely soft speech, but the recorded soft speech easily suffers from external noise due to its faint volume. To effectively suppress noise on the(More)
The cooperative O(2)-binding of hemoglobin (Hb) have been assumed to correlate to change in the quaternary structures of Hb: T(deoxy)- and R(oxy)-quaternary structures, having low and high O(2)-affinities, respectively. Heterotropic allosteric effectors have been shown to interact not only with deoxy- but also oxy-Hbs causing significant reduction in their(More)
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