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In the unfolded protein response, the type I transmembrane protein Ire1 transmits an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signal to the cytoplasm. We previously reported that under nonstressed conditions, the ER chaperone BiP binds and represses Ire1. It is still unclear how this event contributes to the overall regulation of Ire1. The present Ire1 mutation(More)
A caspase 8-deficient subline (JB6) of human Jurkat cells can be killed by the oligomerization of Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD). This cell death process is not accompanied by caspase activation, but by necrotic morphological changes. Here, we show that the death effector domain of FADD is responsible for the FADD-mediated necrotic pathway.(More)
Activating transcription factor 5 (ATF5) is a stress response transcription factor of the cAMP-responsive element-binding/ATF family. Earlier, we reported that ATF5 expression is up-regulated in response to stress, such as amino acid limitation or arsenite exposure. Although ATF5 is widely expressed in the brain and the olfactory epithelium, the role of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to investigate the personality traits of suicide completers using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) scale. METHODS Newly enrolled students who enrolled at Hokkaido University in 1999-2002 and 2004-2007 completed the TCI. Among these students, twenty subjects (2 females and 18 males) later completed(More)
Quality of life (QOL) has been reported to be impaired in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), even after remission according to symptom rating scales. Although a relationship between QOL and neurocognitive dysfunction has been reported during depressive episodes, little is known about this relationship in remitted MDD patients. The aim of the(More)
To evaluate neurocognitive functions of patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) without comorbidity using neuropsychological assessments and to investigate the relation between neurocognitive functions and clinical severity of SAD, this study assessed 30 SAD patients (10 female, 20 male) without comorbidity and 30 healthy subjects matched on gender,(More)
Nrf2 is a transcription factor that regulates the antioxidant and detoxification enzyme genes and provides defense against oxidative and electrophilic stresses in various tissues. In brain, while neuroprotective functions of Nrf2 have been well documented, Nrf2 contribution to the brain function remains to be elucidated. To address this issue, we(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the relationship between level of insight and various subjective experiences for patients with schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy-four patients with schizophrenia who were discharged from our hospital were evaluated. The level of insight into their illness and various subjective experiences were evaluated at discharge. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to reveal the personality traits of individuals with major and other depressive episodes among the young adult population. Furthermore, character traits of individuals with ideas of suicide or self-harm were also investigated in this study. METHODS The subjects of this study were 1421 university students who completed(More)