Yusuke Okuwaki

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Background. The pathogenesis of frequent intrahepatic recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgical resection or local ablation therapy remains uncertain. Risks and patterns of intrahepatic distant recurrence (IDR) of a single, primary HCC lesion after radiofrequency (RF) ablation were examined. Methods. Ninety patients with a single primary(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the value of early alterations of the tumor markers α-fetoprotein (AFP) and des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) for predicting the outcomes of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who receive sorafenib. MATERIALS AND METHODS Tumor response, overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) were retrospectively(More)
OBJECTIVES Intrahepatic distant recurrence (IDR) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative treatment occurs frequently and influences the prognoses. The aim of this study was to determine prognostic factors affecting survival after IDR and the optimum therapy for IDR. METHODS A total of 115 patients with a single small primary HCC who had complete(More)
Nocturnal administration of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) granules improves serum albumin levels in patients with cirrhosis. However, it is unclear whether or not this administration method can improve the patients’ quality of life (QOL). In this study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of BCAA granules, given nocturnally, in improving QOL in these(More)
The renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension. We evaluated the long-term effects of olmesartan, an angiotensin type 1 (AT1) receptor blocker, on hemodynamics and liver fibrosis. Forty-eight selected patients with cirrhosis were randomly divided into two groups of 24 patients each, those who received and(More)
Elective esophageal variceal ligation (EVL) is performed to decrease the risk of variceal hemorrhage. EVL is associated with adverse effects, including post-ligated bleeding, chest pain, and dysphagia. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the most potent pharmacological agents for inhibition of gastric acid secretion. However, the long-term effect of PPIs(More)
AIM   We prospectively evaluated the reliability and validity of splenic volume with 3-D ultrasound measurement and clarified its clinical usefulness. METHODS   Thirty healthy volunteers and 30 patients with cirrhosis were included in this study. All 3-D ultrasound examinations of splenic volumes were performed twice by two experienced sonographers with(More)
AIM Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who receive an initial full dose of sorafenib (800 mg/day) often require a decreased dose (400 mg/day) or discontinuation of therapy because of severe adverse events. We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with HCC to compare the safety and efficacy of full- to half-dose sorafenib. METHODS We(More)
AIM Portopulmonary venous anastomoses (PPVA) are shunts between esophageal varices and pulmonary veins. Because PPVA can cause serious complications at the time of sclerotherapy for esophageal varices, it is essential to confirm the existence of any PPVA before treatment. METHODS The study group comprised 101 patients in whom hemodynamics were evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM De novo hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatitis is a well-known fatal complication following chemo-immunosuppressive therapy in patients with past HBV infection (HB surface antigen and serum HBV DNA negative, but HB core antibody and/or HB surface antibody positive). This research was conducted to evaluate the incidence of and clinical(More)