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Properties of ionic currents in smooth muscle membranes of the longitudinal muscle layer of the rabbit ileum were investigated using the single electrode voltage clamp method. In the present experiments, this method was applicable only to the smooth muscle ball (fragment) and not for the dispersed whole cell, because of incompleteness of the voltage(More)
Copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1)-like immunoreactivity has been demonstrated in Lewy body-like inclusions (LIs) in brain tissues from patients with familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Using immunocytochemistry, we studied Lewy bodies (LBs), the original inclusions from which the term LI was derived, in five patients with Parkinson(More)
Patients with neonatal-onset nonketotic hyperglycinemia have high-glycine content in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) which is believed to be a cause of intractable neurologic manifestations. The glycine receptor was believed to be inhibitory in the central nervous system; however, a newly discovered glycine receptor is of the excitatory N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)
Whole cell voltage-clamp method was applied to single smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from the longitudinal layer of 18-day pregnant rat uterus. Inward currents were isolated after outward currents were minimized by use of high Cs+ in the pipette solution and 4-aminopyridine (3 mM) in the bath solution. Depolarizing pulses, applied from a holding(More)
1. Stretch-activated (SA) channels were studied in smooth muscle cells isolated from mesenteric resistance arteries using the whole-cell patch-clamp method. Membrane stretch was achieved by cell inflation after application of positive pressure through a patch electrode. 2. In the voltage-clamp configuration, cell inflation increased and cell deflation(More)
Smooth muscle cells normally do not possess fast Na+ channels, but inward current is carried through two types of Ca2+ channels: slow (L type) Ca2+ channels and fast (T type) Ca2+ channels. Whole-cell voltage clamp was done on single smooth muscle cells isolated from the longitudinal layer of the 18-day pregnant rat uterus. Depolarizing pulses, applied from(More)
We have recently reported that the cardiovascular responses to excitatory amino acids are augmented in the rostral ventrolateral medulla of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In the present study, we investigated whether the responsiveness to excitatory amino acids would be normalized by antihypertensive treatment. Thus we treated 4-week-old SHR and(More)
The nature of transient and oscillatory outward currents (ITO and IOO) in fragmented smooth muscle cells (smooth muscle ball, SMB) from the longitudinal muscle layer of the rabbit ileum, was studied using a single electrode voltage clamp technique. With a high K+ solution containing 0.3 mM ethyleneglycol-bis(beta-aminoethylether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid(More)
The amplitude of the whole-cell L-type Ca2+ channel current recorded from vascular smooth muscle cells is reportedly greater in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) than in Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). However, no study has examined properties of single Ca2+ channels in arterial cells from these strains. To further test the hypothesis that activation of L-type(More)
OX40 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family that is expressed primarily on activated CD4+ T cells and promotes the development of effector and memory T cells. Although OX40 has been reported to be a target gene of human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) viral transactivator Tax and is overexpressed in vivo in adult T-cell leukemia(More)