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1,3-beta-D-glucan synthase [also known as beta(1-->3) glucan synthase] is a multi-enzyme complex that catalyzes the synthesis of 1,3-beta-linked glucan, a major structural component of the yeast cell wall. Temperature-sensitive mutants in the essential Rho-type guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase), Rho1p, displayed thermolabile glucan synthase activity, which(More)
Effects of concentrations of intracellular calcium, [Ca2+]i, on the voltage-dependent Ca2+ current (ICa) recorded from dispersed single smooth muscle cells of the rabbit portal vein were studied, using a whole cell voltage clamp method combined with an intracellular perfusion technique. Outward currents were minimized by replacement of Cs+ -rich solution in(More)
Geranylgeranyl transferase I (GGTase I), which modifies proteins containing the sequence Cys-Ali-Ali-Leu (Ali: aliphatic) at their C-termini, is indispensable for growth in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We report here that GGTase I is no longer essential when Rho1p and Cdc42p are simultaneously overproduced. The lethality of a GGTase I(More)
Properties of ionic currents in smooth muscle membranes of the longitudinal muscle layer of the rabbit ileum were investigated using the single electrode voltage clamp method. In the present experiments, this method was applicable only to the smooth muscle ball (fragment) and not for the dispersed whole cell, because of incompleteness of the voltage(More)
Copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1)-like immunoreactivity has been demonstrated in Lewy body-like inclusions (LIs) in brain tissues from patients with familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Using immunocytochemistry, we studied Lewy bodies (LBs), the original inclusions from which the term LI was derived, in five patients with Parkinson(More)
Physical exercise has been shown to increase adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus and to enhance synaptic plasticity. It has been demonstrated that these neuroprotective effects can be observed following aerobic exercise. However, it remains unknown whether plasticity molecules, such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and cyclic AMP response(More)
Yeast calmodulin (CaM) is required for the progression of nuclear division (Ohya, Y. and Y. Anraku. 1989. Curr. Genet. 15:113-120), although the precise mechanism and physiological role of CaM in this process are unclear. In this paper we have characterized the phenotype caused by a temperature-sensitive lethal mutation (cmdl-101) in the yeast CaM. The(More)
Whole cell voltage-clamp method was applied to single smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from the longitudinal layer of 18-day pregnant rat uterus. Inward currents were isolated after outward currents were minimized by use of high Cs+ in the pipette solution and 4-aminopyridine (3 mM) in the bath solution. Depolarizing pulses, applied from a holding(More)
Calmodulin, a cytoplasmic calcium-binding protein, is indispensable for eukaryotic cell growth. Examination of 14 temperature-sensitive yeast mutants bearing one or more phenylalanine to alanine substitutions in the single essential calmodulin gene of yeast (CMD1) revealed diverse essential functions. Mutations could be classified into four intragenic(More)
Patients with neonatal-onset nonketotic hyperglycinemia have high-glycine content in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) which is believed to be a cause of intractable neurologic manifestations. The glycine receptor was believed to be inhibitory in the central nervous system; however, a newly discovered glycine receptor is of the excitatory N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)