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With the advent of dense maps of human genetic variation, it is now possible to detect positive natural selection across the human genome. Here we report an analysis of over 3 million polymorphisms from the International HapMap Project Phase 2 (HapMap2). We used 'long-range haplotype' methods, which were developed to identify alleles segregating in a(More)
  • Elaine M. Dunleavy, Danièle Roche, Hideaki Tagami, Nicolas Lacoste, Dominique Ray-Gallet, Yusuke Nakamura +3 others
  • 2009
The histone H3 variant CenH3, called CENP-A in humans, is central in centromeric chromatin to ensure proper chromosome segregation. In the absence of an underlying DNA sequence, it is still unclear how CENP-A deposition at centromeres is determined. Here, we purified non-nucleosomal CENP-A complexes to identify direct CENP-A partners involved in such a(More)
We conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 4,604 endometriosis cases and 9,393 controls of Japanese and European ancestry. We show that rs12700667 on chromosome 7p15.2, previously found to associate with disease in Europeans, replicates in Japanese (P = 3.6 × 10(-3)), and we confirm association of rs7521902 at 1p36.12 near WNT4. In addition, we(More)
Through direct cloning of p53 binding sequences from human genomic DNA, we have isolated a novel gene, designated p53AIP1 (p53-regulated Apoptosis-Inducing Protein 1), whose expression is inducible by wild-type p53. Ectopically expressed p53AIP1, which is localized within mitochondria, leads to apoptotic cell death through dissipation of mitochondrial(More)
Copy number variations (CNVs) are universal genetic variations, and their association with disease has been increasingly recognized. We designed high-density microarrays for CNVs, and detected 3000-4000 CNVs (4-6% of the genomic sequence) per population that included CNVs previously missed because of smaller sizes and residing in segmental duplications. The(More)
We identified a novel gene HJURP (Holliday junction-recognizing protein) whose activation seemed to play a pivotal role in the immortality of cancer cells. HJURP was considered a possible downstream target for ataxia telangiectasia mutated signaling, and its expression was increased by DNA double-strand breaks (DSB). HJURP was involved in the homologous(More)
P-Cadherin/CDH3 belongs to the family of classic cadherins that are engaged in various cellular activities including motility, invasion, and signaling of tumor cells, in addition to cell adhesion. However, the biological roles of P-cadherin itself are not fully characterized. Based on information derived from a previous genome-wide cDNA microarray analysis(More)
To search for a gene(s) conferring susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy (DN), we genotyped over 80,000 gene-based single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Japanese patients and identified that the engulfment and cell motility 1 gene (ELMO1) was a likely candidate for conferring susceptibility to DN, in view of the significant association of an SNP in(More)
We previously reported MELK (maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase) as a novel therapeutic target for breast cancer. MELK was also reported to be highly upregulated in multiple types of human cancer. It was implied to play indispensable roles in cancer cell survival and indicated its involvement in the maintenance of tumor-initiating cells. We conducted(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that causes multiple organ damage. Although recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have contributed to discovery of SLE susceptibility genes, few studies has been performed in Asian populations. Here, we report a GWAS for SLE examining 891 SLE cases and 3,384 controls and multi-stage(More)